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Ecology and management of crop pollination and pest control

insights from red clover seed production

Lundin, Ola (2013). Ecology and management of crop pollination and pest control. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2013:39
ISBN 978-91-576-7817-1
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

The agricultural landscape has gone through large changes to meet increasing demands for food. This has led to major biodiversity declines, while effects on ecosystem services that support agricultural productivity, such as pollination and pest control, remain less studied. This thesis examines temporal trends, impacts, and management for functionally important insects in agriculture using red clover seed production as a model system. Red clover is pollinated by bumble bees (Bombus spp.) and honey bees. Major yield losses are caused by seed weevils (Apion spp.), which in turn are attacked by natural enemy parasitoids. Field studies, where sites previously sampled in the 1930s-1960s were revisited 2008-2011, showed a shift towards more species poor bumble bee communities in red clover fields dominated by a few species which are less effective pollinators. Moreover, crop pest damage by seed weevils had more than doubled, while parasitism rates provided by natural enemies had decreased. In parallel to these changes, seed yields have declined and become more variable in recent decades. We performed an experiment which showed that the gain in seed set obtained when simultaneously increasing pollination and pest control outweighed the sum of seed set gains obtained when increasing each service separately. With the field data collected we also developed integrated pest management by validating a pest sampling
method, developing a threshold for insecticide treatment, and suggesting minimum effective chemical pest control. We further found that pest damage was higher in landscapes with a high proportion of agricultural land, and that maximising the distance to a clover field in the previous year could function as a proactive method to decrease
pest abundance. In summary, this thesis shows that agricultural intensification can jeopardise the supply of crop pollination and pest control services, and that such
changes may translate into crop yield effects. It further highlights that interactions between pollination and pest control can alter the benefits obtained from serviceproviding organisms, and this needs to be considered to properly manage multiple ecosystem services. Simultaneous enhancement of beneficial organisms which
contribute to crop productivity and integrated management of pests that pose a threat to production can contribute to sustainable food production in agriculture.

Authors/Creators:Lundin, Ola
Title:Ecology and management of crop pollination and pest control
Subtitle:insights from red clover seed production
Series/Journal:Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae (1652-6880)
Year of publishing :2013
Volume:2013:39
Number of Pages:54
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
I.Bommarco, R., Lundin, O., Smith, H.G. & Rundlöf, M. 2012. Drastic historic shifts in bumble bee community composition in Sweden. Proceedings of the Royal Society - Series B (279), 309-315.
II.Lundin, O., Rundlöf, M., Smith, H.G. & Bommarco, R. 2012. Towards integrated pest management in red clover seed production. Journal of Economic Entomology (105), 1620-1628.
III.Lundin, O., Rundlöf, M., Smith, H.G. & Bommarco, R. Patterns of crop pest damage in time and space: climate, landscape composition or local field management? (manuscript).
IV.Lundin, O., Smith, H.G., Rundlöf, M. & Bommarco, R. 2013. When ecosystem services interact: crop pollination benefits depend on the level of pest control. Proceedings of the Royal Society - Series B (280), 20122243.
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher: Institutionen för ekologi, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-7817-1
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:F Plant production > F03 Seed production and processing
F Plant production > F40 Plant ecology
H Protection of plants and stored products > H10 Pests of plants
P Natural resources > P01 Nature conservation and land resources
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Agricultural Science
Agrovoc terms:trifolium pratense, seed production, pollination, bombus, honey bees, pollinators, apion, pest insects, integrated pest management, biodiversity, sweden
Keywords:ekologi, ekosystemtjänster, klöverfröodling
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-1443
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-1443
ID Code:10407
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Ecology
(S) > Dept. of Ecology
Deposited By: Ola Lundin
Deposited On:08 May 2013 08:54
Metadata Last Modified:13 Dec 2014 20:48

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