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Phosphorus speciation in Swedish agricultural clay soils

influence of fertilisation and mineralogy

Eriksson, Ann Kristin (2016). Phosphorus speciation in Swedish agricultural clay soils. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2016:25
ISBN 978-91-576-8552-0
eISBN 978-91-576-8553-7
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

Phosphorus (P) is an important element for crop production, but build-up of excess soil P can promote P leaching and eutrophication of surface waters. To better understand the dynamics of P release from soil to waters, more knowledge is needed about sorption patterns and P speciation in agricultural soils.

Two new indices were developed to assess the importance of P sorption to hydroxy-interlayered clay minerals, and to evaluate the amount of hydroxy-interlayering and hydroxy-interlayer stability. A strong relationship was found between oxalate-extractable aluminium (Al) and the amount of hydroxy-interlayering in soil, suggesting a common source. This makes it difficult to analytically distinguish between phosphate (PO4) adsorbed to hydroxy-interlayers from PO4 adsorbed to Al hydroxide-type precipitates.

Application of X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy to evaluate P speciation in soil profiles and the effects of P depletion and fertilisation revealed a distinct change in P speciation with increasing soil depth in an agricultural clay soil profile. The results indicated that the subsoil P predominantly occurred as apatite, whereas PO4 adsorbed with Al-hydroxides or hydroxy-interlayers dominated in the topsoil. Organic P and PO4 adsorbed to iron (Fe)-(hydr)oxides were observed only in the topsoil. This can be explained by long-term weathering of apatite and silicates, particularly ferromagnesian forms such as amphibole, in the upper soil horizons, causing an association of the released PO4 with secondary metal (hydr)oxides.

Collectively, the XANES results showed that the most important phases governing P retention and release in agricultural clay soils are adsorption of PO4 to Al and to Fe in (hydr)oxide minerals or interlayers. After fertilisation, P was adsorbed to Al hydroxide phases in six different soil types studied, but in two of the soils there was also an increase in calcium phosphate. Moreover, P solubility was shown to be lowest at pH values ranging from 4.5 to 7.5 and increased with decreasing pH, probably as a result of the dissolution of apatite and PO4-bearing hydroxy-Al precipitates at low pH.

Authors/Creators:Eriksson, Ann Kristin
Title:Phosphorus speciation in Swedish agricultural clay soils
Subtitle:influence of fertilisation and mineralogy
Series/Journal:Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae (1652-6880)
Year of publishing :2016
Depositing date:12 February 2016
Volume:2016:25
Number of Pages:73
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
IEriksson, A.K., Hillier, S., Simonsson, M. and Gustafsson J.P. X-ray diffraction using in situ heating to characterise hydroxy-interlayering in clay minerals: A new method evaluated on Swedish agricultural soils (manuscript).
IIEriksson, A.K., Hesterberg, D. and Gustafsson, J.P. (2015). Phosphorus speciation of clay fractions from long-term fertility experiments in Sweden. Geoderma 241-242, 68-74. doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2014.10.023
IIIEriksson, A.K., Hillier, S., Hesterberg, D., Klysubun, W., Ulén, B. and Gustafsson J.P. Evolution of phosphorus speciation with depth in an agricultural soil profile (submitted to Geoderma).
IVEriksson, A.K., Hesterberg, D., Klysubun, W. and Gustafsson, J.P. Phosphorus dynamics in Swedish agricultural soils as influenced by fertilisation and mineralogical properties: insights gained from batch experiments and XANES spectroscopy (manuscript).
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Department of Soil and Environment, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-8552-0
ISBN for electronic version:978-91-576-8553-7
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Additional Information:Errata: Page 25, Table 2, Method Pseudo total P, elements: Old text: Al, Fe, New text: P; Page 31, Title; Old text: 4.1 Solubility experiments, New text: 4.6 Solubility experiments; Page 33, Title: Old text: 4.2 Sorption experiments, New text: 4.7 Sorption experiments; Page 41, Figure 7a: one error bar is missing, corrected figure included; Page 48, Figure 15c: data points for Fors is missing, corrected figure included; Page 50, Figure 16, x-axis label: Old text: P-AL (mg kg-1), New text: P-AL (mmol kg-1); Page 50, Figure 16, legend: Old text: Bjerotorp, New text: Bjertorp
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:P Natural resources > P33 Soil chemistry and physics
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 105 Earth and Related Environmental Sciences > Geochemistry
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Soil Science
Agrovoc terms:clay soils, agricultural soils, clay minerals, phosphorus, phosphates, fertilizer application, sorption, x rays, diffraction, spectroscopy, sweden
Keywords:Soils, XANES spectroscopy, phosphorus, phosphate, clays, apatite, secondary iron and aluminium (hydr)oxides, clay mineralogy, hydroxy-interlayered minerals, X-ray diffraction
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3213
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3213
ID Code:13057
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Soil and Environment
(S) > Dept. of Soil and Environment
External funders:FORMAS
Deposited By: Ann Kristin Eriksson
Deposited On:15 Feb 2016 07:39
Metadata Last Modified:15 Mar 2016 12:46

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