Home About Browse Search
Svenska


Tracking neighbours promotes the coexistence of large carnivores

Mattisson, Jenny and López-Bao, José Vicente and Persson, Jens and Aronsson, Malin and Andren, Henrik (2016). Tracking neighbours promotes the coexistence of large carnivores. Scientific Reports. 6, 1-9
[Journal article]

[img]
Preview
PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

808kB

Abstract

The study of competition and coexistence among similar interacting species has long been considered a cornerstone in evolutionary and community ecology. However, understanding coexistence remains a challenge. Using two similar and sympatric competing large carnivores, Eurasian lynx and wolverines, we tested the hypotheses that tracking among heterospecifics and reactive responses to potential risk decreases the probability of an agonistic encounter when predators access shared food resources, thus facilitating coexistence. Lynx and wolverines actively avoided each other, with the degree of avoidance being greater for simultaneous than time-delayed predator locations. Wolverines reacted to the presence of lynx at relatively short distances (mean: 383 m). In general, lynx stayed longer, and were more stationary, around reindeer carcasses than wolverines. However, when both predators were present at the same time around a carcass, lynx shortened their visits, while wolverine behavior did not change. Our results support the idea that risk avoidance is a reactive, rather than a predictive, process. Since wolverines have adapted to coexist with lynx, exploiting lynx-killed reindeer carcasses while avoiding potential encounters, the combined presence of both predators may reduce wolverine kill rate and thus the total impact of these predators on semi-domestic reindeer in Scandinavia. Consequently, population management directed at lynx may affect wolverine populations and human-wolverine conflicts.

Authors/Creators:Mattisson, Jenny and López-Bao, José Vicente and Persson, Jens and Aronsson, Malin and Andren, Henrik
Title:Tracking neighbours promotes the coexistence of large carnivores
Series/Journal:Scientific Reports (2045-2322)
Year of publishing :2016
Volume:6
Page range:1-9
Number of Pages:9
Publisher:Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature
ISSN:2045-2322
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Zoology
Agrovoc terms:Carnivora, wildlife management, ecology
Keywords:carnivores, animal interactions, tracking, Lynx lynx, Gulo gulo, Eurasian lynx, Wolverine
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3941
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3941
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
Web of Science (WoS)000372055500001
DOI10.1038/srep23198
ID Code:14033
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Ecology
(S) > Dept. of Ecology
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:14 Feb 2017 09:34
Metadata Last Modified:14 Feb 2017 09:34

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads

Downloads per year (since September 2012)

View more statistics

Downloads
Hits