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African swine fever in Uganda

epidemiology and socio-economic impact in the smallholder setting

Chenais, Erika (2017). African swine fever in Uganda. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2017:26
ISBN 978-91-576-8825-5
eISBN 978-91-576-8826-2
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

In the last decade millions of people have been able to leave poverty, increasing the regional demand for meat and livestock products. In combination with reforms in market and agricultural policy, this has led to an increase in pig production in sub-Saharan Africa, most notably in Uganda. The growing pig sector could be an important contributor to poverty reduction among smallholder pig keepers. However, the growing pig population has been followed by an increase in African swine fever (ASF) incidence.

ASF is a contagious, typically very lethal, haemorrhagic, viral disease of domestic pigs. The overall goal of this doctoral project was to develop the understanding of ASF epidemiology in the smallholder setting in Uganda. Four studies were conducted in two districts in northern Uganda among smallholder farmers, other pig production value-chain actors, and a medium-sized farm. The studies included group- and individual interviews as well as biological and environmental sampling and testing for the virus. Data were analysed using semi-qualitative and quantitative methods. The thesis concluded that ASF was endemic in the study area, and that outbreaks could be detected using retrospective and real-time farmer reports. ASF outbreaks were associated with activities of humans, such as trade in pigs and pig products and free-range management systems. ASF outbreaks had long-term negative social and economic impact for pig production value-chain actors on all investigated levels in the value chain. For smallholder farmers, the impact was aggravated with increasing herd size. Trade and consumption of sick and dead pigs were commonly used as coping strategies. Farm-level biosecurity was insufficient for ASF protection and awareness of control methods did not guarantee their implementation. The continuous ASF transmission in the study area was not driven by lack of knowledge, but rather by cultural circumstances, taboos and poverty. Therefore, in order for control methods to be successfully and sustainably implemented, they need to be developed in participation with the communities, adapted to the local context, socially acceptable, flexible, and cost-effective.

Authors/Creators:Chenais, Erika
Title:African swine fever in Uganda
Subtitle:epidemiology and socio-economic impact in the smallholder setting
Series/Journal:Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae (1652-6880)
Year of publishing :19 April 2017
Depositing date:17 April 2017
Volume:2017:26
Number of Pages:87
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
IChenais E, Boqvist S, Sternberg-Lewerin S, Emanuelson U, Ouma E, Dione M, Aliro T, Crafoord F, Masembe C, Ståhl K (2017). Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Related to African Swine Fever Within Smallholder Pig Production in Northern Uganda. Transboundary Emerging Diseases 64(1), 101-115.
IIChenais E, Sternberg-Lewerin S, Boqvist S, Liu L, LeBlanc N, Aliro T, Masembe C, Ståhl K (2016). African swine fever outbreak on a medium sized farm in Uganda: biosecurity breaches and within-farm virus contamination. Tropical Animal Health and Production dec13, doi:10.1007/s11250-016-1197-0.
IIIChenais E, Sternberg-Lewerin S, Boqvist S, Emanuelson U, Aliro T, Tejler E, Cocca G, Masembe C, Ståhl K (2015). African swine fever in Uganda: qualitative evaluation of three surveillance methods with implications for other resource-poor settings. Frontiers in Veterinary Science 2(0051), doi: 10.3389/fvets.2015.00051.
IVChenais E, Boqvist S, Emanuelson U, von Brömsen, C, Ouma, E, Aliro T, Masembe C, Ståhl K, Sternberg-Lewerin S. Quantitative assessment of social and economic impact of African swine fever outbreaks in northern Uganda. Submitted manuscript.
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Department of Biomedical Sciences and Veterinary Public Health, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Associated Programs and Other Stakeholders:SVA - National Veterinary Institute > A contributor is enlisted in SVA
SLU - Research Areas for the Future > Future Agriculture
SLU - Agricultural Sciences for Global Development > Scale issues in relation to food security and poverty alleviation
SLU - Agricultural Sciences for Global Development > Urban and peri-urban farming
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-8825-5
ISBN for electronic version:978-91-576-8826-2
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:L Animal production > L70 Veterinary science and hygiene - General aspects
L Animal production > L73 Animal diseases
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Pathobiology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Other Veterinary Science
Agrovoc terms:swine, swine fever, african swine fever, animal diseases, viroses, epidemiology, disease control, smallholders, low income groups, poverty, socioeconomic development, uganda
Keywords:African swine fever, epidemiology, participatory, surveillance, smallholders, animal disease impact, low-income settings, Uganda
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-4107
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-4107
ID Code:14253
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Biomedical Sciences and Veterinary Public Health
External funders:Swedish Research Council
Deposited By: Dr Erika Chenais
Deposited On:18 Apr 2017 14:09
Metadata Last Modified:18 Apr 2017 14:09
Project info:
Name:Assessing the impacts of African Swine Fever in smallholder pig systems and the feasability of potential interventions
ID:348-2013-146

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