Sexual reproduction in Phytophthora infestans.
Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880
Potato late blight, caused by the oomycete Phytophthora infestans, is one of the most devastating plant diseases worldwide. It is becoming increasingly difficult to control the disease in Sweden, leading to an ever more intensified use of fungicides in the potato production. This unsustainable development could be caused by changes in the pathogen due to the introduction of sexual reproduction. These changes could result in an enhanced capability of the pathogen to adapt to different factors, e. g. weather, cultivar resistance, chemical control or other cultivation measures. This might manifest itself in earlier infections and a late blight that spreads faster in the potato fields requiring increasing efforts to control. Different approaches were taken to clarify the role of sexual reproduction in P. infestans in the epidemiology of potato late blight. The formation of sexually formed oospores and their ability to serve as primary inoculum was studied, both as field observations and by determining within-field genotypic diversity. To further estimate the importance of reproduction on a large spatial scale a population study based on molecular and phenotypic markers was performed on P. infestans isolates from the whole Nordic region. The variation in the aggressiveness of Nordic populations of P. infestans was studied by determining different components of aggressiveness, e.g. sporulation capacity, lesion growth and infection efficacy. The aggressiveness study was combined with an analysis of the phenotypic structure of the Nordic population of P. infestans. The results clearly indicate that the Swedish populations of P. infestans are influenced by sexual reproduction. The facts that both mating types are found all over the country in near 1:1 proportions and that oospores are commonly formed in field crops and serve as inoculum under field conditions support this. Studies of the genetic diversity also indicate that sexual reproduction has an effect on the population structure of P. infestans in Sweden and the Nordic region as a whole.
|Title:||Sexual reproduction in Phytophthora infestans|
|Year of publishing :||2007|
|Number of Pages:||31|
|Place of Publication:||Uppsala|
|Publication Type:||Doctoral thesis|
|Full Text Status:||Public|
|Agrovoc terms:||phytophthora infestans, solanum tuberosum, blight, fungal diseases, epidemiology, fungal spores, sexual reproduction, sweden, finland, norway, denmark|
|Keywords:||Potato late blight, Phytophthora infestans, epidemiology, oospores, sexual reproduction|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences > Dept. of Forest Mycology and Pathology|
|Deposited By:||Björn Andersson|
|Deposited On:||06 Sep 2007 00:00|
|Metadata Last Modified:||03 May 2013 07:43|
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