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On-farm feed resources for catfish (Clarias gariepinus) production in Laos

evaluation of some local feed resources

Phonekhampheng, Oudom (2008). On-farm feed resources for catfish (Clarias gariepinus) production in Laos. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., ; 2008:89
ISBN 978-91-86195-22-9
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

The aim of the thesis was to collected information African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) production systems, and the chemical composition and nutritive value of potentially available feedstuffs. Moreover, the apparent digestibility (AD) of nutrient and amino acids (AA) in raw, sun-dried and ensiled Golden Apple snails (GAS) was evaluated, as well as the potential of GAS to replace fish meal in the diet for growing African catfish fingerlings. The farmers used traditional feedstuffs such as maize, broken rice, cassava root meal, rice bran, soybean, soy waste, dried fish and fish meal. In addition, some more unconventional feedstuffs such as leucaena meal, earthworms, termites and GAS were used. The fish diets were low (150-220 g kg-1 dry matter (DM)) in crude protein and had to low protein to energy (P/E) ratio. Catfish pond areas per farm ranged from 100 to 5,000 m2 with a fish yield that ranged from 1.7 to 3.0 tons ha-1 6 months-1. The average AD of crude protein (CP), crude fat, total carbohydrates and energy in potentially available feedstuffs was 90.6 % (SD 2.4), 87.0 %, (SD 3.4), 77.7 % (SD 3.7) and 84.5 % (SD 2.3), respectively. Only a few of the currently available and used feedstuffs have the potential to provide optimum P/E ratios in the diet for growing African catfish (25-30 g CP/MJ digestible energy (DE)). The content of DE ranged from 13.2 MJ kg DM-1 for rice bran to 18.1 MJ kg DM-1 for frogs. The AD of CP, AA and energy was highest in sun-dried, followed by raw and ensiled GAS. The CP to DE ratio that ranged from 17.8 g MJ-1 in raw GAS to 24.8 MJ-1 in ensiled GAS. It was concluded that sun-drying, rather than ensiling should be the preferred preservation method of GAS. High addition of sugar cane molasses (>15 % in DM) was needed to maintain an acceptable quality of GAS ensiled for 28 days. Finally, it was shown that protein from GAS can completely replace fish meal in diets for growing African catfish fingerlings without negative effects on growth performance and feed utilization.

Authors/Creators:Phonekhampheng, Oudom
Title:On-farm feed resources for catfish (Clarias gariepinus) production in Laos
Subtitle:evaluation of some local feed resources
Year of publishing :2008
Volume:2008:89
Number of Pages:65
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
ALLI Phonekhampheng, O., Hung, L.T. and Lindberg, J.E. (2008a) A survey on African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) feeding and production in Laos. Journal of Asian Fisheries Science 21, 21-33. II Phonekhampheng, O., Hung, L.T. and Lindberg, J.E. (2008b) Nutritive value of potential feed resources used in Laos for African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) production. Livestock Research for Rural Development (In Press). III Phonekhampheng, O., Hung, L.T. and Lindberg, J.E. (2008c) Nutritive value of raw, sun-dried and ensiled Golden Apple snail (Pomacea canaculata) for African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) fingerlings (In manuscript). IV Phonekhampheng, O., Hung, L.T. and Lindberg, J.E. (2008d) Ensiling of Golden Apple snail (Pomacea canaculata) and growth performance of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) fingerlings fed diets with raw and ensiled Golden Apple snail as protein source. Livestock Research for Rural Development (In Press).
Place of Publication:Uppsala
ISBN for printed version:978-91-86195-22-9
ISSN:1652-6880.
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agrovoc terms:clarias gariepinus, fishes, feeds, digestibility, nutritive value, drying, silage making, amino acids, growth rate, feed resources, lao
Keywords:Golden Apple snail, catfish, digestibility, nutritive value, sun-drying, ensiling, amino acid, growth performance, nutrition, feed resources
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-2666
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-2666
ID Code:1915
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Animal Nutrition and Management
Deposited By: Gunilla Ã…kerlund
Deposited On:19 Dec 2008 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:06 Nov 2014 07:46

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