Moose Alces alces behaviour related to human activity.
Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880
The spatiotemporal dynamics of human activity requires a better understanding of the ecological effects on wildlife. This thesis focuses on the behavioural response of a harvested species, moose (Alces alces), to dynamic human activities e.g. hunting and recreation, and to static influences like roads, using experimental and descriptive approaches. Potentially lethal (hunting) and non-lethal (hiking, snowmobiling) activities provoked short-lived increases in moose movement activity and caused spatial displacement. The data suggests a uniform response towards unexpected disturbance and that moose are sensitive to human proximity. Hunting clearly provoked the strongest response. Moose approached by a hunting dog commonly fled, suggesting adjustments in anti-predator behaviour towards a non-native predator. This may lead to predator facilitation where wolves and human predation co-exist, because the moose’s behavioural response towards one predator possibly increases the predation risk by the other. Unexpectedly, hiking and motor-driven (snowmobiling) recreational activity caused a comparable change in moose behaviour. The short-lived response towards dynamic human activities indicates a rather minor impact on moose total energy budget from a single disturbance. Moose seldom crossed roads, but did increasingly so during migration. Road-crossing sites were aggregated, suggesting well established travel routes and corridors for migratory moose. Moose did not cross roads more often during hunting season. In general, moose little utilized habitats in proximity to roads. Moose-vehicle collisions did not occur where and when moose most commonly cross roads. My results suggest a higher risk to human safety during times of poor visibility and close to urban areas, but not necessarily in the vicinity of forests. For wildlife subject to intensive harvest and sensitive to human proximity, I emphasize the need to include animal behavioural, landscape ecological, political as well as socio-economical aspects for future research concerning human-wildlife interactions. I also recommend future research to combine wildlife movement data from active tracking sensors such as GPS-collars together with collision data to improve conclusions about wildlife movement corridors and traffic risk zones.
|Title:||Moose Alces alces behaviour related to human activity|
|Year of publishing :||2009|
|Number of Pages:||56|
|Place of Publication:||Umeå|
|Publication Type:||Doctoral thesis|
|Full Text Status:||Public|
|Agrovoc terms:||elks, recreation, hunting, infrastructure, behaviour, animal ecology, movement, global positioning systems|
|Keywords:||human impact, recreational activities, hunting, infrastructure, movement behaviour, ungulate, experimental disturbances, GPS location data|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Forest Sciences > Dept. of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies|
|Deposited By:||Wiebke Neumann|
|Deposited On:||10 Sep 2009 00:00|
|Metadata Last Modified:||03 May 2013 07:45|
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