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How sexual reproduction affects the population biology of Phytophthora infestans

Sjöholm, Lina (2012). How sexual reproduction affects the population biology of Phytophthora infestans. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2012:93
ISBN 978-91-576-7740-2
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

Phytophthora infestans is a rapidly evolving and highly adaptable pathogen. It is the cause of late blight, one of the most devastating diseases in potato production. Depending on whether both mating types are present or not, P. infestans can undergo both asexual and sexual reproduction. In most parts of the world the asexual part of the life cycle is the dominant reproduction system resulting in dominant clonal lineages. However, earlier reports indicate that sexual recombination of the late blight pathogen occurs in the Nordic countries. This thesis includes studies on how this will affect the population biology of P. infestans. The results show that the genotypic variation of P. infestans in the Nordic countries is high. The highest variation was observed within fields, and no dominating clonal lineages were found. In a field trial planted with artificially inoculated seed, the genotypes originating from the infected tubers had a minor impact on the population of P. infestans during the season. Immigrating genotypes, which probably originated from potato crops infected by oospores, proved to be more important for the epidemiology of the disease. The presence of the alternative host (hairy nightshade) was shown to result in an increased oospore production and a higher aggressiveness of late blight on potato. From the results it can be concluded that oospores play a major role in the population biology of the late blight pathogen in the Nordic countries. Furthermore, in a study of the variation in effector genes of P. infestans, indication of selection pressure towards losing intact Avr4 genes was found. In all studied isolates this frame shift mutation was observed which means that all isolates would be able to infect plants with the R4 resistance gene.

The population biology of the late blight pathogen in the Nordic countries is complex and differs from that in many other parts of the world. The difficulties to control this disease are numerous and the nature of the Nordic population of P. infestans threatens to further add to this problem.

Authors/Creators:Sjöholm, Lina
Title:How sexual reproduction affects the population biology of Phytophthora infestans
Series/Journal:Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae (1652-6880)
Year of publishing :29 November 2012
Volume:2012:93
Number of Pages:54
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
I.L. Sjöholm, B. Andersson, N. Högberg, A-K. Widmark & J. Yuen (2012). Genotypic diversity and migration patterns of Phytophthora infestans. (submitted)
II.L. Sjöholm, J. Yuen & B. Andersson. Immigration and persistence of Phytophthora infestans in a single field. (manuscript)
III.L. Grönberg, B. Andersson & J. Yuen (2012). Can weed hosts increase the aggressiveness of Phytophthora infestans on potato? Phytopathology 102(4), 429-433.
IV.L. Sjöholm, U. Blandón-Díaz, N. Högberg. Effector variation in a clonal vs. sexual population of Phytophthora infestans. (manuscript)
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Dept. of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Associated Programs and Other Stakeholders:Z - SLU - Libray > Odla mera
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-7740-2
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:F Plant production > F30 Plant genetics and breeding
H Protection of plants and stored products > H20 Plant diseases
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Agricultural Science
Agrovoc terms:phytophthora infestans, blight, solanum tuberosum, sexual reproduction, clones, population genetics, genotypes, genetic variation, microsatellites, hosts, host pathogen relations, scandinavia
Keywords:late blight, SSR, potato
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-752
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-752
ID Code:9278
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology
(S) > Dept. of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology
External funders:Stiftelsen Lantbruksforskning
Deposited By: Lina Sjöholm
Deposited On:03 Dec 2012 12:26
Metadata Last Modified:22 Mar 2015 15:14

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