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LCAs of petrol and diesel

a literature review

Eriksson, Mattias and Ahlgren, Serina (2013). LCAs of petrol and diesel. Uppsala: (NL, NJ) > Dept. of Energy and Technology, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet. Rapport / Institutionen för energi och teknik, SLU ; 058
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Abstract

Many life cycle assessment (LCA) studies have investigated the environmental impact of using biofuel in transportation compared with fossil fuels. Since these studies often use standard values for the fossil fuel reference scenario, there is a need for a thorough review of published data on fossil fuel use in transportation.

This study reviewed the available literature regarding greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and energy balances in petrol and diesel use and examined possible causes for the differences reported in the literature. This included differences con-nected to the LCA methodology itself, but also those resulting from technical and economic effects.
Thirteen studies were reviewed in order to establish the level of GHG emissions and energy use in the well-to-tank perspective and, where possible, in the entire well-to-wheel perspective. The studies used different input data, allocation meth-ods and system boundaries, but the results fell within a narrow range, since the energy content of the fuels on a tank-to-wheel basis differed only slightly, while the use phase represents most GHG emissions and energy usage in fuel life cycles. All studies reviewed reported GHG emissions values that exceeded the reference value of 83.8 g CO2-eq/MJ fuel suggested in the EU Renewable Energy Directive of 2009.

Authors/Creators:Eriksson, Mattias and Ahlgren, Serina
Title:LCAs of petrol and diesel
Subtitle:a literature review
Series/Journal:Rapport / Institutionen för energi och teknik, SLU (1654-9406)
Year of publishing :8 May 2013
Number:058
Number of Pages:35
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Dept. of Energy and Technology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISSN:1654-9406
Language:English
Publication Type:Report
Article category:Other scientific
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:P Natural resources > P05 Energy resources management
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 105 Earth and Related Environmental Sciences > Environmental Sciences (social aspects to be 507)
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 2 Engineering and Technology > 207 Environmental Engineering > Energy Systems
Keywords:life cycle assessment, GHG, fossil fuels, petrol diesel, well-to-tank, crude oil, refinery
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-1445
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-1445
ID Code:10424
Faculty:NL - Faculty of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences (until 2013)
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Energy and Technology
Deposited By: Serina Ahlgren
Deposited On:08 May 2013 11:31
Metadata Last Modified:08 Sep 2017 10:40

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