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Topographical influence on soil chemistry

Sørensen, Rasmus (2006). Topographical influence on soil chemistry. Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv.
ISBN 91-576-6895-7
[Licentiate thesis]

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Abstract

Topography is one of the five basic soil forming factors together with parent material, climate, biota and time, and therefore a major controlling factor on the soil properties. Topography can be quantified numerically by topographic indices, calculated based on a digital elevation model (DEM). The topographic wetness index (TWI) is a measure of the hydrological condition of a site, determined by a combined measure of upslope area and slope. TWI is a useful estimator of hydrological, pedological and biological properties at the landscape scale. In this licentiate thesis the TWI was studied, partly as a predictor of variations in soil properties, and partly for its dependency on the used calculation method and the resolution of the underlying DEM. Several methods for calculating the TWI were tested against field measurements. No single best method was found; instead an optimal method specific to the estimated property of interest was found most effective. Correlations between TWI and soil properties were observed both for 25 km2 study sites and at a larger scale based on data from the National Inventory of Forest Soils for all of Sweden. While clear patterns were observed for several soil properties, there was also a considerable scatter in the correlations. These studies were based on DEMs with resolutions of 20 and 50 meters. In an additional study, a DEM with a grid resolution of 5 meters, derived from LIDAR data, was resampled to generate DEMs of different resolutions, which were used to test the effects of different resolutions on the TWI calculations. The distribution of TWI was scale dependent and a lot of the variation of TWI based on the 5 m resolution DEM was lost at 10 meter resolution. Terrain analysis can be used to predict hydrological, pedological and biological properties at a spatial resolution impossible to achieve through field work. By choosing an appropriate DEM resolution and adjusting the calculation methods for specific purposes, the usefulness of the TWI could be refined allowing its application over a large spatial range.

Authors/Creators:Sørensen, Rasmus
Title:Topographical influence on soil chemistry
Year of publishing :March 2006
Number of Pages:19
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
ALLI. Sørensen, R., Zinko, U. & Seibert, J. 2006. On the calculation of the topographic wetness index: evaluation of different methods based on field observations. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 10:1-12. II. Seibert, J., Stendahl, J. & Sørensen, R. Topographical influences on soil properties in boreal forest soils. (Manuscript) III. Sørensen, R. & Seibert, J. Effects of DEM resolution on the calculation of topographical indices. (Manuscript)
Place of Publication:Uppsala
ISBN for printed version:91-576-6895-7
Language:English
Publication Type:Licentiate thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:P Natural resources > P33 Soil chemistry and physics
P Natural resources > P32 Soil classification and genesis
Subjects:Not in use, please see Agris categories
Agrovoc terms:topography, soil chemicophysical properties, soil genesis, soil chemistry, soil analysis, analytical methods, sweden
Keywords:Terrain analysis, TWI, DEM, soil chemistry, topography, topographical index, resolution, soil forming factors.
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-973
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-973
ID Code:1051
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Environmental Assessment
Deposited By: Rasmus Sørensen
Deposited On:06 Mar 2006 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:09

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