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Species imperilment on the global scale: empirical evidences of economic causes

Gren, Ing-Marie and Campos, Monica and Gustafsson, Lena and Elofsson, Katarina (2013). Species imperilment on the global scale: empirical evidences of economic causes. Uppsala: (NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet. Working paper series / Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Economics ; 2013:07
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Abstract

Economic factors contribute to biodiversity directly through activities such as pollution and land use, and indirectly by affecting preferences and institutional capabilities of implementing mitigation measures. This paper tests the explanatory power of these different mechanisms on threats to biodiversity on a global scale. Econometric analyses are performed with invasive species, land use, climate, economic prosperity, corruption, and spatial autocorrelation as explanatory variables. This is carried out for all taxonomic groups and separately for mammals, birds, plants, amphibians, and reptiles. Different models are tested and robust results appear for detrimental effects of invasive species, pollution, and high average temperature. Results also indicate that economic prosperity and institutional capacity do not act as curbing factors in isolation, but instead together which points out the need for sufficient levels of both prosperity and institutional capability in order to preserve biodiversity. These impacts are significant for all taxonomic groups but of different magnitude. Plants show the highest relative response to several factors and mammals the lowest.

Authors/Creators:Gren, Ing-Marie and Campos, Monica and Gustafsson, Lena and Elofsson, Katarina
Title:Species imperilment on the global scale: empirical evidences of economic causes
Series/Journal:Working paper series / Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Economics (1401-4068)
Year of publishing :18 June 2013
Number:2013:07
Number of Pages:30
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISSN:1401-4068
Language:English
Publication Type:Report
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:E Economics, development, and rural sociology > E14 Development economics and policies
P Natural resources > P01 Nature conservation and land resources
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 502 Economics and Business > Economics
Keywords:Threatened species, Non-Indigenous species, Economic drivers, Land use, Spatial auto correlation
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-1513
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-1513
ID Code:10550
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics
Deposited By: Ing-Marie Gren
Deposited On:19 Jun 2013 12:27
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 11:01

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