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Variation in yield and protein content of malting barley

methods to monitor and ways to control

Pettersson, CG (2006). Variation in yield and protein content of malting barley. Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv. , Report from the Department of Crop Production Ecology (VPE), 1653-5375 ; 1
ISBN 91-576-6896-5
[Licentiate thesis]

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Abstract

Malting barley has to fulfil several quality demands to be fully accepted, and paid, by the malting industry. The cultivar has to be selected by the industry, the vitality of the lot has to be high, the husk has to be uninjured and the grain protein content has to be at the proper level and as even as possible. Flat protein levels are hard to achieve, as the grain protein over malting barley fields often vary 3% around the field mean. The urge for even protein makes this crop a natural object for precision agriculture research, but surprisingly little has been reported. In the present project, precision agriculture methods have been used to monitor grain yield and grain protein of Swedish malting barley. The goal of the project has been, for spring sown Swedish malting barley, to understand the reasons for and patterns of the variability in grain protein, and design a method for fertilisation with a potential to produce more even protein with the proper mean level. It seems possible to design such a fertiliser system, provided that a restrained amount of compound NPKS fertiliser is combi-drilled at sowing and that the second fertiliser application as calcium nitrate is distributed, at the latest, at the two node stage of the barley. The second application needs the control from a remote sensor using an appropriate vegetation index. The most commonly used vegetation indices did not correlate well with the grain yield, or with the grain protein level at such an early stage, possibly because of disturbing reflections from the soil. However, a set of recently developed indices for maize did correlate with the patterns of both grain yield and grain protein. To get the mean values between years and places right, the regression algorithms also needed a measure of thermal stress during grain filling. A thermal stress index was designed as a temperature sum during three weeks, and a threshold for the temperature sum was optimised to 20 °C.

Authors/Creators:Pettersson, CG
Title:Variation in yield and protein content of malting barley
Subtitle:methods to monitor and ways to control
Year of publishing :March 2006
Volume:1
Number of Pages:18
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
ALLI. Pettersson, C.G. & Frankow-Lindberg, B.E. 2006. Reappraisal of methods of application of nutrients at sowing on the yield, grain protein content and nitrogen economy of malting barley in Sweden, Manuscript in preparation for: Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica Section B. II. Pettersson, C.G, Söderström, M. & Eckersten, H. 2006. Canopy reflectance, thermal stress, and soil electrical conductivity, as predictors for within-field variability in grain yield and grain protein of malting barley. Manuscript submitted to: Precision Agriculture..
Place of Publication:Uppsala
ISBN for printed version:91-576-6896-5
ISSN:1653-5375
Language:English
Publication Type:Licentiate thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:F Plant production > F01 Crop husbandry
Subjects:Not in use, please see Agris categories
Agrovoc terms:malting barley, malt, protein content, fertilizers, crop yield, methods
Keywords:broadcasting, combi-drill, fertiliser use efficiency, mid row banding, precipitation, soil cations, PLS-regression, SEC, TCARI/OSAVI, VI (vegetation index), Yara N-sensor
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-984
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-984
ID Code:1056
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Crop Production Ecology
Deposited By: CG Pettersson
Deposited On:10 Mar 2006 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:09

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