Home About Browse Search
Svenska


No longer tracking greenery in high altitudes: Pastoral practices of Rupshu nomads and their implications for biodiversity conservation

Singh, Navinder and Bhatnagar, Yash Veer and Lecomte, Nicolas and Fox, Jeseph L and Yoccoz, Nigel (2013). No longer tracking greenery in high altitudes: Pastoral practices of Rupshu nomads and their implications for biodiversity conservation. Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice. 3:16, 1-15
[Journal article]

[img]
Preview
PDF
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

2MB

Official URL: http://www.pastoralismjournal.com/content/3/1/16

Abstract

Nomadic pastoralism has thrived in Asia’s rangelands for several millennia by tracking seasonal changes in forage
productivity and coping with a harsh climate. This pastoralist lifestyle, however, has come under intense
transformations in recent decades due to socio-political and land use changes. One example is of the high-altitude
trans-Himalayan rangelands of the Jammu and Kashmir State in northern India: major socio-political reorganisation
over the last five decades has significantly impacted the traditional pasture use pattern and resources. We outline
the organizational transformations and movement patterns of the Rupshu pastoralists who inhabit the region. We
demonstrate the changes in terms of intensification of pasture use across the region as well as a social
reorganisation due to accommodation of Tibetan refugees following the Sino-Indian war in 1961 to 1962. We focus
in particular on the Tso Kar basin - an important socio-ecological system of livestock herding and biodiversity in the
eastern Ladakh region. The post-war developmental policies of the government have contributed to these
modifications in traditional pasture use and present a threat to the rangelands as well as to the local biodiversity. In
the Tso Kar basin, the number of households and livestock has almost doubled while pasture area has declined by
half. These changes have potentially negative consequences for the long-term resilience of nomadic pastoralism as
well as for the survival of rare local wildlife. To increase the pastoralist standard of living, having fewer pastoralists
may be the only solution, and alternative livelihood options may bring this about. Development programmes
should concentrate on enhancing opportunities for herders so that there is a greater diversity of employment
opportunities and potentially better chances for the persistence of biodiversity.

Authors/Creators:Singh, Navinder and Bhatnagar, Yash Veer and Lecomte, Nicolas and Fox, Jeseph L and Yoccoz, Nigel
Title:No longer tracking greenery in high altitudes: Pastoral practices of Rupshu nomads and their implications for biodiversity conservation
Series/Journal:Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice (2041-7136)
Year of publishing :2013
Volume:3
Number:16
Page range:1-15
Number of Pages:15
Publisher:Springer Verlag GMBH Germany
ISSN:2041-7136
Language:English
Additional Information:© 2013 Singh et al.; licensee Springer. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Forest Science
Keywords:Grazing intensity, Rangelands, Trans-Himalaya, Wildlife, Human-wildlife conflicts, Human dimensions of wildlife
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-1595
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-1595
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1186/2041-7136-3-16
ID Code:10736
Department:(S) > Dept. of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies
External funders:The Rufford Foundation for Nature Conservation (UK) and The Research Council of Norway (Norges Forskningsråd) and Tromsø University (Universitetet i Tromsø)
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:22 Aug 2013 09:23
Metadata Last Modified:21 Apr 2015 09:28

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads

Downloads per year (since September 2012)

View more statistics

Downloads
Hits