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Trust, identity and beer

institutional arrangements for agricultural labour in Isunga village in Kiryandongo district, midwestern Uganda

Otto, Opira (2013). Trust, identity and beer. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2013:76
ISBN 978-91-576-7890-4
eISBN 978-91-576-7891-1
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

This thesis explores the role and influence of institutions on agricultural labour transactions in Isunga village in Kiryandongo District, Midwestern Uganda. It primarily focuses on how farmers structure, maintain and enforce their labour relationships during crop farming. The study is based on semi-structured interviews of twenty households and unstructured interviews with representatives of farmers associations. These interviews show that other than household labour, the other common labour arrangements in the village include farm work sharing, labour exchanges and casual wage labour. Farm work sharing and labour exchanges involve farmers temporarily pooling their labour into work groups to complete tasks such as planting, weeding or harvesting crops on members' farms in succession. This is done under strict rules and rewarded with 'good' beer and food. Against this background, the study asks what institutions really are, why they matter and what we can learn about them. Literature suggests that institutions influence labour transactions by their effects on transaction costs and the protection of contractual rights. However, literature does not suggest which institutions are best for agricultural labour transactions. Taking institutions to be the 'rules of the game', with farmers as 'players' who strategically use these rules to their advantage, the study focused on the interaction between institutions and farmers. The major findings of the study are: (a) farmers' choices of institutions are influenced by the characteristics of transactions, the costs of using institutions for handling labour dealings, the fairness and predictability of the outcome of contract enforcement mechanisms, and socio-cultural factors such as kin/ethnic status, morality and affection, (b) formal institutions in Isunga are either weak, ineffective or absent. So, farmers rely heavily on institutions embedded in social norms and networks to structure their transactional relationships, to ensure the performance of the respective parties, and to settle disputes if they arise. The study concludes that agricultural labour transactions in Isunga involve judgements of personal characteristics and social roles expressed as reputation and trustworthiness.

Authors/Creators:Otto, Opira
Title:Trust, identity and beer
Subtitle:institutional arrangements for agricultural labour in Isunga village in Kiryandongo district, midwestern Uganda
Series/Journal:Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae (1652-6880)
Year of publishing :November 2013
Volume:2013:76
Number of Pages:264
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Dept. of Urban and Rural Development, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-7890-4
ISBN for electronic version:978-91-576-7891-1
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:E Economics, development, and rural sociology > E12 Labour and employment
E Economics, development, and rural sociology > E50 Rural sociology and social security
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Agricultural Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 502 Economics and Business > Economics
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 502 Economics and Business > Economic History
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 509 Other Social Sciences > Social Sciences Interdisciplinary (Peace and Conflict Research and Studies on Sustainable Society)
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 509 Other Social Sciences > Gender Studies
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 509 Other Social Sciences > Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Agrovoc terms:agricultural workers, hired labour, labour contracts, institutions, plant production, farmers, costs, wages, beers, households, poverty, participatory rural appraisal, developing countries, uganda
Keywords:uganda, institutions, labour transactions, contracts, embeddedness, reputation, trust, beer
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-1715
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-1715
ID Code:10913
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
Deposited By: Mr Opira Otto
Deposited On:25 Nov 2013 14:57
Metadata Last Modified:11 Oct 2016 06:34

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