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Measurement of kick loads from horses on stable fittings and building elements

Von Wachenfelt, Hans and Nilsson, Christer and Ventorp, Michael (2013). Measurement of kick loads from horses on stable fittings and building elements. Biosystems engineering. 116 :4 , 487-496
[Research article]

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2013.10....


Fittings and fixtures in horse stables may cause injuries to horses when trapped and there is a high risk of an accident to animal and handler when releasing a horse. The risk of injuries to horses and handlers must be minimised by correct structural design and appropriate choice of building material. The physical load of unprovoked and provoked horse kicks were measured in order to obtain data for the design of safe horse fittings and fixtures.
To record the forces exerted by horse kicks a measuring wall and a computerised measuring system were constructed and used in single horse boxes. For reference, the characteristics of the measuring system were determined by a drop hammer test. Through regression analysis a linear relation was found between the field recorded impact values from horse kicks obtained by the measuring system and drop hammer impact values. The drop hammer method can thus be used to test fittings.
Impacts recorded in the field tests were rapid, often shorter than 0.03 s and 90% had a maximum value below 1924 N. The greatest impact force and impulse caused by a horse kick were 8722 N and 131 Ns respectively, with no statistical difference between provoked and unprovoked kicks. Considering the data obtained and allowing a certain safety margin, the impact resistance of horse fixtures and fittings in single horse boxes, to be used for horses of up to 700 kg mass, should be at least equivalent to 150 Ns exerted by a horse shoe at 45°.

Authors/Creators:Von Wachenfelt, Hans and Nilsson, Christer and Ventorp, Michael
Title:Measurement of kick loads from horses on stable fittings and building elements
Series Name/Journal:Biosystems engineering
Year of publishing :27 November 2013
Page range:487-496
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Accepted version
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:L Animal production > L70 Veterinary science and hygiene - General aspects
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 402 Animal and Dairy Science > Animal and Dairy Science.
Agrovoc terms:Horses, stables, measurement, damage
Keywords:horse, fittings, structural design, kick, force
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Additional ID:
Type of IDID
ID Code:10949
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Department of Biosystems and Technology (from 130101)
External funders:Hushållningssällskapet Malmöhus and Jordbruksverket / Swedish Board of Agriculture and SLO fonden (inom Kungliga Skog och lantbruksakademin)
Deposited By: Hans von Wachenfelt
Deposited On:14 Jan 2014 15:17
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 11:04
Project info:
Name:Sparsäkra stallar
ID:635 0090-1749400

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