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The Nordic welfare model providing energy transition? A political geography approach to the EU RES directive

Westholm, Erik and Beland Lindahl, Karin (2012). The Nordic welfare model providing energy transition? A political geography approach to the EU RES directive. Energy policy. 50, 328-335
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2012.07.027

Abstract

The EU Renewable Energy Strategy (RES) Directive requires that each member state obtain 20% of its energy supply from renewable sources by 2020. If fully implemented, this implies major changes in institutions, infrastructure, land use, and natural resource flows. This study applies a political geography perspective to explore the transition to renewable energy use in the heating and cooling segment of the Swedish energy system, 1980–2010. The Nordic welfare model, which developed mainly after the Second World War, required relatively uniform, standardized local and regional authorities functioning as implementation agents for national politics. Since 1980, the welfare orientation has gradually been complemented by competition politics promoting technological change, innovation, and entrepreneurship. This combination of welfare state organization and competition politics provided the dynamics necessary for energy transition, which occurred in a semi-public sphere of actors at various geographical scales. However, our analysis, suggest that this was partly an unintended policy outcome, since it was based on a welfare model with no significant energy aims. Our case study suggests that state organization plays a significant role, and that the EU RES Directive implementation will be uneven across Europe, reflecting various welfare models with different institutional pre-requisites for energy transition.

Authors/Creators:Westholm, Erik and Beland Lindahl, Karin
Title:The Nordic welfare model providing energy transition? A political geography approach to the EU RES directive
Series/Journal:Energy policy (0301-4215)
Year of publishing :2012
Volume:50
Page range:328-335
Number of Pages:7
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0301-4215
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Accepted version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 506 Political Science > Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Forest Science
Agrovoc terms:renewable energy, welfare
Keywords:EU, Renewable energy, Welfare model
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-1755
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-1755
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
Web of Science (WoS)000310405800031
DOI10.1016/j.enpol.2012.07.027
ID Code:10958
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:15 Jan 2014 08:04
Metadata Last Modified:01 Apr 2015 02:48

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