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The Pattern and Process of Adoption and Scaling up: Variation in Project Outcome Reveals the Importance of Multilevel Collaboration in Agroforestry Development

Johansson, Karl-Erik and Axelsson, Robert and Kimanzu, Ngolia and Sassi, Samuel O. and Bwana, Eliza and Otsyina, Robert (2013). The Pattern and Process of Adoption and Scaling up: Variation in Project Outcome Reveals the Importance of Multilevel Collaboration in Agroforestry Development. Sustainability. 5:12, 5195–5224
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Abstract

Agroforestry is considered a subsistence system that balances the urgent need for food and income of small scale farmers with restoration and conservation of ecosystem services, and climate change adaptation and mitigation. The Vi Agroforestry Program aims to implement agroforestry as a means to alleviate poverty and increase resilience among the poorest smallholders. After seven years, the Vi Agroforestry Project in the Mara Region of Tanzania had an inter-village variation in the proportion of households with tangible surviving agroforestry trees ranging from 10%-90%. Using a multiple methods approach, this variation was analysed in relation to changes and differences among administrative districts and project zones regarding perceived barriers to agroforestry adoption, project interventions, governance and the chronology of the process. In districts and zones where collaboration among the project staff, government counterparts and other stakeholders had been established at multiple levels, more agroforestry trees survived and a larger proportion of households practiced agroforestry. The established collaboration made it possible to discover and consider opportunities and barriers to agroforestry development such as diverse stakeholder interests and perceptions. As a result, potential conflicts could be avoided and socially robust solutions developed, adapted and integrated into the local subsistence systems.

Authors/Creators:Johansson, Karl-Erik and Axelsson, Robert and Kimanzu, Ngolia and Sassi, Samuel O. and Bwana, Eliza and Otsyina, Robert
Title:The Pattern and Process of Adoption and Scaling up: Variation in Project Outcome Reveals the Importance of Multilevel Collaboration in Agroforestry Development
Series/Journal:Sustainability (2071-1050)
Year of publishing :2013
Volume:5
Number:12
Page range:5195–5224
Number of Pages:30
Publisher:MDPI AG
ISSN:2071-1050
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Agricultural Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 504 Sociology > Sociology (excluding Social work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Agrovoc terms:Agroforestry, Sustainable development, Subsistence farming
Keywords:dissemination of agroforestry, adaptation, technology adoption, poverty alleviation, collaboration, social learning, sustainable development, farming system, participant observation
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-1759
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-1759
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3390/su5125195
ID Code:10976
Department:(S) > School for Forest Management
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:16 Jan 2014 08:10
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 11:04

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