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Goal conflicts and spillover effects in Swedish environmental policy

Geijer, Erik (2014). Goal conflicts and spillover effects in Swedish environmental policy. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Umeå : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2014:10
ISBN 978-91-576-7968-0
eISBN 978-91-576-7969-7
[Doctoral thesis]

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This thesis consists of a summary and four appended papers on conflicts in inter-related goals in Swedish environmental policies and projects.

Paper I analyses conflicts between two of these goals Reduced Climate Impact and Sustainable Forests or, more precisely, the conflict between conserving forests and supplying forest fuel. This is done with the help of a forest sector model including four actors: forest owners, sawmills, the pulp industry and the heating industry. The parameters of the model are estimated, and then used to simulate effects of additional forest conservation actions on forest fuel supplies. According to the results, protection of an additional four percent of forest land would lead to a decrease in the supply of forest fuel, and can lead to an increase in Swedish emissions of carbon dioxide from non-renewable sources by about 0.9 percent.

Paper II examines another goal conflict, between the two Swedish environmental goals maintaining A Rich Diversity of Plant and Animal Life and Increasing Use of Renewable Energy Resources or, more precisely, effects of stump harvests on forest fuel supplies and the abundance of saproxylic beetles in northern Sweden. The analysis uses a model similar to the one described and applied in Paper I, but parameter estimates are derived from regional data. According to the results, large-scale implementation of stump harvests would result in a 3% increase in the use of renewable energy sources in heating plants, but a 5% reduction in abundance of saproxylic beetles on future clear cuts, compared to a scenario with no stump harvests.

Paper III describes the wind power park on Smöla, Norway, and examines the conflict between clean energy generation and protection of the island's white-tailed eagle (WTE) population. The paper presents a Resource Equivalence Analysis (REA) addressing the required compensation for damage done to the WTE population. It also contains some general remarks on the practical implementation of REAs.

Paper IV considers eutrophication, and the two interconnected sub-goals of nitrogen and phosphorus reduction. The paper maps the set of possible outcomes that a policy maker could choose from, and discusses how their choice could be informed by an environmental index (EI). The paper also discusses the benefits of formulating a priori the eutrophication goal in terms of an EI instead of, as today, in terms of separate nitrogen and phosphorus reduction goals. Finally, it suggests an eutrophication index and discusses how the presented results could have practical value although they are based on very crude data.

Authors/Creators:Geijer, Erik
Title:Goal conflicts and spillover effects in Swedish environmental policy
Series Name/Journal:Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae
Year of publishing :2014
Number of Pages:30
I.Geijer, E., Bostedt, G. & Brännlund, R. (2011). Damned if you do, Damned if you don't – Reduced Climate Impact vs. Sustainable Forests in Sweden. Resource & Energy Economics, 33, 94-106.
II.Geijer, E., Andersson, J., Bostedt, G., Brännlund, R. & Hjältén, J. (2014). Safeguarding Species Richness vs. Increasing the use of Renewable Energy – the Effect of Stump Harvesting on Two Environmental Goals. Journal of Forest Economics, Accepted for publication.
III.Geijer, E. (2014) A Dynamic Resource Equivalence Analysis of Damage to White-Tailed Eagles in the Smöla Windpark and some General Remarks about the Resource Equivalence Method
IV.Geijer, E. (2014). Eutrophication Reduction from a Holistic Perspective.
Place of Publication:Umeå
Publisher:Department of Forest Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-7968-0
ISBN for electronic version:978-91-576-7969-7
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:E Economics, development, and rural sociology > E11 Land economics and policies
P Natural resources > P01 Nature conservation and land resources
T Pollution > T01 Pollution
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Forest Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 502 Economics and Business > Economics
Agrovoc terms:forestry production, fuelwood, wind power, eutrophication, environmental protection, nature conservation, biodiversity, environmental policies, models, land use, norway, sweden
Keywords:Goal conflict, Multiple goals, Forest sector model
Permanent URL:
ID Code:11000
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > Dept. of Forest Economics
External funders:Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
Deposited By: PhD Erik Geijer
Deposited On:06 Feb 2014 15:34
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 11:04

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