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Dead wood creation to compensate for habitat loss from intensive forestry

Ranius, Thomas and Caruso, Alexandro and Jonsell, Mats and Juutinen, Artti and Thor, Göran and Rudolphi, Jörgen (2014). Dead wood creation to compensate for habitat loss from intensive forestry. Biological conservation. 169, 277-284
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2013.11.029

Abstract

Negative consequences of human activities for biodiversity may be mitigated by compensation measures. Although the interest in applying compensation measures is generally increasing, such measures have rarely been applied in forestry. Many boreal forests are managed by clear felling and used for timber and pulp production. There is an increasing interest in intensifying forestry by also harvesting slash and stumps for biofuel at felling. We evaluated the efficiency of combining intensified forestry production with compensation measures, by estimating the net revenue from slash and stump harvest, the cost of high stump creation, and simulating habitat amount for 680 bark- and wood-living species (fungi, beetles, lichens, and bryophytes) in Norway spruce forests in Sweden under different scenarios of biofuel harvest and compensation. We show that the harvest of slash and stumps has a clear negative effect on the habitat amount available for many species, especially for many fungi and beetles. Combining slash harvesting with the creation of high stumps results in an economic surplus and at the same time provides significantly more habitat in comparison with no slash harvesting and no high stump creation. When undertaking stump harvesting it is currently impossible to achieve such positive effects. Thus, our analyses show that compensation can sometimes be a useful tool when both economic and biodiversity goals must be achieved in forestry, but in other cases it is a better alternative to avoid the activity that causes the negative effects.

Authors/Creators:Ranius, Thomas and Caruso, Alexandro and Jonsell, Mats and Juutinen, Artti and Thor, Göran and Rudolphi, Jörgen
Title:Dead wood creation to compensate for habitat loss from intensive forestry
Series/Journal:Biological conservation (0006-3207)
Year of publishing :January 2014
Volume:169
Page range:277-284
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0006-3207
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Accepted version
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:K Forestry > K01 Forestry - General aspects
K Forestry > K70 Forest injuries and protection
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 2 Engineering and Technology > 207 Environmental Engineering > Environmental Management
Agrovoc terms:Biodiversity, Cost analysis, Wood, Forest ecology, Forest, Biomass
Keywords:biodiversity offset, cost-efficiency, dead wood, forest biomass harvesting, saproxylic
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-1795
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-1795
ID Code:11008
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Ecology
(S) > Dept. of Ecology
External funders:Energimyndigheten
Deposited By: Thomas Ranius
Deposited On:28 Feb 2014 15:27
Metadata Last Modified:22 Feb 2016 10:02

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