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An integrated agro-ecosystem and livelihood systems approach for the poor and vulnerable in dry areas

van Ginkel, Maarten and Sayer, Jeff and Sinclair, Fergus L and Aw-Hassan, A. and Bossio, Deborah and Craufurd, Peter and El Mourid, M. and Haddad, N. and Hoisington, David and Johnson, Nancy and León Velarde, Carlos and Mares, Víctor and Mude, A. and Nefzaoui, A. and Noble, Andrew and Rao, K.P.C. and Serraj, Rachid and Tarawali, Shirley and Vodouhe, Raymond and Ortiz Rios, Rodomiro Octavio (2013). An integrated agro-ecosystem and livelihood systems approach for the poor and vulnerable in dry areas. Food Security. 5:6, 751-767
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12571-013-0305-5

Abstract

More than 400 million people in the developing world depend on dryland agriculture for their livelihoods. Dryland agriculture involves a complex combination of productive components: staple crops, vegetables, livestock, trees and fish interacting principally with rangeland, cultivated areas and watercourses. Managing risk and enhancing productivity through diversification and sustainable intensification is critical to securing and improving rural livelihoods. The main biophysical constraints are natural resource limitations and degradation, particularly water scarcity and encroaching desertification. Social and economic limitations, such as poor access to markets and inputs, weak governance and lack of information about alternative production technologies also limit the options available to farmers. Past efforts to address these constraints by focusing on individual components have either not been successful or are now facing a declining rate of impact, indicating the need for new integrated approaches to research for development of dryland systems. This article outlines the characteristics of such an approach, integrating agro-ecosystem and livelihoods approaches and presents a range of empirical examples of its application in dryland contexts. The authors draw attention to new insights about the design of research required to accelerate impact by integrating across disciplines and scales.

Authors/Creators:van Ginkel, Maarten and Sayer, Jeff and Sinclair, Fergus L and Aw-Hassan, A. and Bossio, Deborah and Craufurd, Peter and El Mourid, M. and Haddad, N. and Hoisington, David and Johnson, Nancy and León Velarde, Carlos and Mares, Víctor and Mude, A. and Nefzaoui, A. and Noble, Andrew and Rao, K.P.C. and Serraj, Rachid and Tarawali, Shirley and Vodouhe, Raymond and Ortiz Rios, Rodomiro Octavio
Title:An integrated agro-ecosystem and livelihood systems approach for the poor and vulnerable in dry areas
Series/Journal:Food Security (1876-4517)
Year of publishing :2013
Volume:5
Number:6
Page range:751-767
Number of Pages:17
Publisher:Springer Verlag
ISSN:1876-4517
Language:English
Additional Information:Published by permission of Springer. Open Choice at Springer.
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:E Economics, development, and rural sociology > E51 Rural population
P Natural resources > P10 Water resources and management
Q Food science > Q01 Food science and technology
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Agricultural Science
Agrovoc terms:Drylands, Agriculture, Risk management, Intensification, Sustainability
Keywords:Dryland agriculture, Managing risk, Building resilience, Sustainable intensification
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-1892
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-1892
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
Web of Science (WoS)000328259800002
DOI10.1007/s12571-013-0305-5
ID Code:11087
Faculty:LTJ - Faculty of Landscape Planning, Horticulture and Agricultural Science (until 2013)
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Department of Plant Breeding (from 130101)
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:20 May 2014 13:42
Metadata Last Modified:12 Apr 2015 05:38

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