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A discrete-event simulation approach to improve efficiency in stump fuel supply chains

Eriksson, Anders (2014). A discrete-event simulation approach to improve efficiency in stump fuel supply chains. Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv. , Rapport / Institutionen för energi och teknik, SLU, 1654-9406 ; 069
ISBN 978-91-576-9218-4
[Licentiate thesis]

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Abstract

Current concerns about climate change and fossil fuel dependency have intensified interest in renewable energy and increased demand for sustainable alternatives. Softwood tree stumps could be a very interesting renewable fuel assortment. The stump-root system constitutes about 25% of stem volume. In Sweden, stump fuel extraction is not a well-established practice and large resources are currently left in the forest after final felling. The stump fuel supply chain is both challenging and complex due to distance between resource and end-user, bulkiness of the material, initially high moisture and ash content, and number of sub-processes involved.

Optimisation of logistics issues within the stump fuel supply chain is crucial to ensure low delivery cost. Carefully planned stump fuel systems can reduce the supply costs and help deliver the fuel at a competitive price. In this thesis, various systems for stump transport and comminution were evaluated, particularly regarding resource use efficiency and cutting of unnecessary costs. Various factors associated with different aspects such as harvest site characteristics, fuel quality, biomass losses and machine performance were also evaluated in terms of their impact on fuel cost. A discrete-event simulation approach was applied. Models for all machines and activities included, from forest to end-user, were developed and programmed using the ExtendSim simulation language.

The simulation results showed large variations in system performance and system cost. The cost of different transport and comminution alternatives differed by approximately a factor of two, irrespective of transport distance. The most cost-effective option proved to be crushing stumps on the ground and using a self-loading truck for wood fuel transport. Minimising idle machine capacity was identified as a key factor in achieving a cost-effective system. Moreover, well-planned stump storage was shown to reduce the delivery cost significantly. The most influential parameter for fuel cost was machine productivity. Enabling machines to operate efficiently throughout the whole supply chain is crucial for system economics and can be decisive for stump fuel feasibility.

Authors/Creators:Eriksson, Anders
Title:A discrete-event simulation approach to improve efficiency in stump fuel supply chains
Series/Journal:Rapport / Institutionen för energi och teknik, SLU (1654-9406)
Year of publishing :2014
Volume:069
Number of Pages:69
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
I.Eriksson, A., Eliasson, L. & Jirjis, R. (2014). Simulation-based evaluation of supply chains for stump fuel. International Journal of Forest Engineering, DOI:10.1080/14942119.2014.892293.
II.Eriksson, A., Eliasson, L., Hansson, P-A. & Jirjis, R. Effects of supply chain strategy on stump fuel cost – A simulation approach (submitted to International Journal of Forestry Research).
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Department of Energy and Technology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-9218-4
ISSN:1654-9406
Language:English
Publication Type:Licentiate thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:J Handling, transport, storage and protection of agricultural products > J12 Handling, transport, storage and protection of forest products
K Forestry > K11 Forest engineering
P Natural resources > P06 Renewable energy resources
X Agricola extesions > X60 Technology
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 2 Engineering and Technology > 201 Civil Engineering > Transport Systems and Logistics
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 2 Engineering and Technology > 203 Mechanical Engineering > Energy Engineering
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 2 Engineering and Technology > 207 Environmental Engineering > Energy Systems
Agrovoc terms:stumps, wood chips, biomass, fuelwood, comminution, transport, storage, quality, supply balance, logistics, optimization methods, simulation, models, sweden
Keywords:tree stumps, wood fuel, logistics, transport, comminution, supply chain, discrete-event simulation, stump fuel, fuel quality, biomass, modelling, bioenergy, wood chips, stump harvest, biomass storage
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-1862
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-1862
ID Code:11131
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Energy and Technology
External funders:Skogforsk
Deposited By: Anders Eriksson
Deposited On:16 Apr 2014 13:15
Metadata Last Modified:08 Sep 2017 09:21

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