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Patterns and trends in urban biodiversity and landscape design

Müller, Norbert and Ignatieva, Maria and Nilon, Charles H. and Werner, Peter and Zipperer, Wayne C. (2013). Patterns and trends in urban biodiversity and landscape design. I/In: Urbanization, biodiversity and ecosystem services: challenges and opportunities: a global assessment. Sid./p. 123-174. Dordrecht, Heidelberg, New York, London: Springer
ISBN 978-94-007-7087-4
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Abstract

Urbanization destroys or modifi es native habitats and creates new ones with its infrastructure. Because of these changes, urban landscapes favor non-native and native species that are generalists. Nevertheless, cities reveal a great variety of habitats and species, and, especially in temperate cities, the diversity of vascular plants and birds can be higher than in the surrounding landscapes. The actual occurrence of a species, however, depends on habitat availability and quality, the spatial arrangements of habitats, species pools, a species’ adaptability and natural history, and site history. In addition, cities are particularly human-made ecological systems. Top- down and bottom-up activities of planners, land managers, and citizens create the urban biodiversity in general and in detail. Plants and animals in cities are the everyday life contact with nature of the most humans on our earth. The intrinsic interplay of social and ecological systems with a city often forms unique biotic assemblages inherent to that city. To support native biodiversity, landscape architects, conservation biologists, and other groups are linking landscape design with ecosystem structure and function to create and restore habitats and reintroduce native species in cities.

Authors/Creators:Müller, Norbert and Ignatieva, Maria and Nilon, Charles H. and Werner, Peter and Zipperer, Wayne C.
Editors:Elmqvist, Thomas and Fragkias, Michail and Goodness, Julie and Güneralp, Burak and Marcotullio, Peter J. and McDonald, Robert I. and Parnell, Susan and Schewenius, Maria and Sendstad, Marte and Seto, Karen C. and Wilkinson, Cathy
Title:Patterns and trends in urban biodiversity and landscape design
Year of publishing :2013
Depositing date:11 September 2015
Page range:123-174
Number of Pages:51
Place of Publication:Dordrecht, Heidelberg, New York, London
Publisher:Springer
ISBN for printed version:978-94-007-7087-4
ISBN for electronic version:978-94-007-7088-1
Language:English
Publication Type:Book Chapter
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:F Plant production > F40 Plant ecology
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Botany
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
Agrovoc terms:urbanization, biodiversity, landscape, species, ecology, towns
Keywords:urbanization, urban biodiversity, habitats, landscapes, species, ecological systems, cities
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-2923
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-2923
ID Code:11231
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:11 Sep 2015 13:59
Metadata Last Modified:18 Feb 2016 03:03

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