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Silviculture adapted to multiple goals in Swedish small scale forestry

methods for choosing practices, biotopes, stands and events

Hörnfeldt, Roland (2014). Silviculture adapted to multiple goals in Swedish small scale forestry. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2014:42
ISBN 978-91-576-8032-7
eISBN 978-91-576-8033-4
[Doctoral thesis]

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During recent decades a new type of private forest owner has appeared in
Sweden, with forestry goals other than simply generating money from wood
production; these goals include hunting, maintaining biodiversity, cultural
aspects and historical values. However, multiple goals often conflict with each
other, leading to a problem of finding practices that can deliver several goals at
the same time. Recently, there has been an increasing move to continuous
cover forestry and other systems or practices that are considered more likely
than clear cutting to fulfil multiple goals. However, an additional problem is
that much of what is said about the suitability of different practices is partly
based upon beliefs rather than on sound data, so more research is needed in this
domain. Finally, identifying stands that are suited to specific practices
represents another challenge.

The main objective of the research presented in this thesis was to identify
tools that can help foresters to select appropriate practices and suitable forest
stands that will allow them to achieve the multiple goals of small-scale forest

Silvicultural practices were identified through a literature search and their
appropriateness and value was determined using matrices summarizing the
results of published studies. The results indicated that thinning and successive
felling were most suitable for delivering the goals considered. Passive practices
were less well adapted.

Further literature reviews were undertaken to find criteria relevant to six
different situations. In order to determine the link between management
practices and results, checklists were created for field-testing.

Checklists were also intended to be useful in other situations, and two
additional lists, ‘Optimizing natural regeneration of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris
L.)’, and ‘Avoiding false heartwood in ash (Fraxinus excelsior L.)’, were
proposed as further examples of useful checklists.

Authors/Creators:Hörnfeldt, Roland
Title:Silviculture adapted to multiple goals in Swedish small scale forestry
Subtitle:methods for choosing practices, biotopes, stands and events
Series Name/Journal:Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae
Year of publishing :2014
Number of Pages:68
I.Hörnfeldt, R. & Ingemarson, F. 2006. Evaluation of Silvicultural Practices from a Multipurpose Perspective. Baltic Forestry. Journal of Forest Science in Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia. 2006. Vol.12, No1, 82-93.
II.Hörnfeldt. R. 2013. Methodology for assessing the suitability of forest stands for Silviculture with multiple goals (Manuscript).
III.Hannerz, M., Almqvist, C. & Hörnfeldt, R. 2002. Timing of seed dispersal in Pinus sylvestris stands in Central Sweden. Silva Fennica, 36(4), 757-765.
IV.Hörnfeldt, R., Vincenza Chiriacò, M. & Hu, B. 2012: Optimum timing of soil scarification for the natural regeneration of Pinus sylvestris in Central Sweden. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, DOI:10.1080/02827581.2012.657669
V.Hörnfeldt, R., Drouin, M. & Woxblom, L. 2010. False heartwood in beech Fagus sylvatica, birch Betula pendula, B. papyrifera and ash Fraxinus excelsior – an overview. Ecological Bulletins 53: 61–75.
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Department of Forest Products, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-8032-7
ISBN for electronic version:978-91-576-8033-4
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:K Forestry > K10 Forestry production
P Natural resources > P01 Nature conservation and land resources
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Forest Science
Agrovoc terms:silviculture, multiple use forestry, landowners, small enterprises, stand characteristics, forestry operations, timing, decision making, forestry policies, sweden
Keywords:clear cutting, group system, multiple goals, multipurpose forestry, small scale forestry, selection system, scarification, silviculture, two-storied forest, uniform system
Permanent URL:
ID Code:11245
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > Dept. of Forest Products (until 180101)
Deposited By: Gunilla Åkerlund
Deposited On:02 Jun 2014 13:01
Metadata Last Modified:14 Dec 2014 08:32

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