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Bio-cultural refugia - Safeguarding diversity of practices for food security and biodiversity

Barthel, Stephan and Crumley, Carole and Svedin, Uno (2013). Bio-cultural refugia - Safeguarding diversity of practices for food security and biodiversity. Global Environmental Change-Human And Policy Dimensions. 23:5, 1142-1152
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Abstract

Food security for a growing world population is high on the list of grand sustainability challenges, as is reducing the pace of biodiversity loss in landscapes of food production. Here we shed new insights on areas that harbor place specific social memories related to food security and stewardship of biodiversity. We call them bio-cultural refugia. Our goals are to illuminate how bio-cultural refugia store, revive and transmit memory of agricultural biodiversity and ecosystem services, and how such social memories are carried forward between people and across cohorts. We discuss the functions of such refugia for addressing the twin goals of food security and biodiversity conservation in landscapes of food production. The methodological approach is first of its kind in combining the discourses on food security, social memory and biodiversity management. We find that the rich biodiversity of many regionally distinct cultural landscapes has been maintained through a mosaic of management practices that have co-evolved in relation to local environmental fluctuations, and that such practices are carried forward by both biophysical and social features in bio-cultural refugia including; genotypes, artifacts, written accounts, as well as embodied rituals, art, oral traditions and self-organized systems of rules. Combined these structure a diverse portfolio of practices that result in genetic reservoirs-source areas-for the wide array of species, which in interplay produce vital ecosystem services, needed for future food security related to environmental uncertainties, volatile financial markets and large scale conflicts. In Europe, processes related to the large-scale industrialization of agriculture threaten such bio-cultural refugia. The paper highlights that the dual goals to reduce pressures from modern agriculture on biodiversity, while maintaining food security, entails more extensive collaboration with farmers oriented toward ecologically sound practices. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Authors/Creators:Barthel, Stephan and Crumley, Carole and Svedin, Uno
Title:Bio-cultural refugia - Safeguarding diversity of practices for food security and biodiversity
Series/Journal:Global Environmental Change-Human And Policy Dimensions (0959-3780)
Year of publishing :2013
Volume:23
Number:5
Page range:1142-1152
Number of Pages:11
Publisher:Elsevier Ltd.
ISSN:0959-3780
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Accepted version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 405 Other Agricultural Sciences > Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 507 Social and Economic Geography > Human Geography
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 507 Social and Economic Geography > Economic Geography
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 509 Other Social Sciences > Social Sciences Interdisciplinary (Peace and Conflict Research and Studies on Sustainable Society)
Keywords:Food security, Social memory, Social-ecological resilience, Sustainability, Historical ecology, Anthropocene
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-2045
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-2045
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
Web of Science (WoS)000328179400031
DOI10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2013.05.001
ID Code:11256
Faculty:NL - Faculty of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences (until 2013)
Department:(NL, NJ) > Swedish Biodiversity Centre
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:13 Aug 2014 12:00
Metadata Last Modified:15 Dec 2014 14:18

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