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People-plant interrelationships

historical plant use in native Sami societies

Rautio, Anna-Maria (2014). People-plant interrelationships. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Umeå : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2014:85
ISBN 978-91-576-8118-8
eISBN 978-91-576-8119-5
[Doctoral thesis]

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Different plants have played an important role historically in the subsistence of the native Sami people of northern Fennoscandia. Generally, their use of plants have however been regarded as less vital in their overall subsistence and in comparison to the domesticated reindeer and the hunted game and fish. Also, the impacts of early human plant use on specific plant-populations and the overall ecosystems which they inhabited have often been overlooked in research.

In this thesis the traditional Sami practices and extent of plant use from the 1550s until 1900 was studied from two main perspectives; First) the cultural significance of Scots pine inner bark and A. archangelica was evaluated, in the perspective as a discrete form of resource utilization within a larger set of activities which constitute overall Sami subsistence, Second) The human impact of land use from a perspective of plant use was quantified and evaluated. Special emphasis in this thesis was placed on the role of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and garden Angelica (A. archangelica ssp. archangelica L.).

My results show that: 1) Scots pine and A. archangelica are two of the Sami cultural key-stone species, since they were qualitatively vital for survival in these northerly regions. 2) It is possible to manage and maintain stable populations of A. archangelica by conducting harvest according to traditional Sami practices, indicating that it is likely that the Sami did not only gathered but also enhanced certain wild plants. Furthermore, the Sami harvest of different Scots pine resources on a regional scale, was shown to be sustainable throughout the study period. 3) Northern Fennoscandia can be considered a domesticated landscape, even long before the onset of agriculture. The Sami have moved over large areas, but they made well informed decisions on what resources to obtain at what times. 4) A combination of methods from different fields should be used to understand Sami plant use in a subsistence context. By combining methods it is possible to understand both the details of how and why Sami used different plants, but also to investigate historical Sami subsistence at different spatial scales.

Authors/Creators:Rautio, Anna-Maria
Title:People-plant interrelationships
Subtitle:historical plant use in native Sami societies
Series Name/Journal:Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae
Year of publishing :16 October 2014
Number of Pages:87
I.Rautio, A-M., Josefsson, T. & Östlund, L. (2014). Sami Resource Utilization and Site Selection. Historical Harvesting of Inner bark in Northern Sweden. Human Ecology. 42: 137-146.
II.Rautio, A-M., Norstedt, G. & Östlund, L. (2013). Nutritional Content of Scots Pine Inner Bark and Ethnographic context of its use in Northern Fennoscandia. Economic Botany. 67(4): 363-377.
III.Rautio, A-M., Axelsson-Linkowski, W., Josefsson, T. & Östlund, L. 'They followed the power of the plant'. Analysis of historical Sami harvest and use of Angelica archangelica ssp archangelica in northern Fennoscandia. (manuscript)
IV.Rautio, A-M., Josefsson, T., Axelsson, A-L. & Östlund, L. A quantitative analysis of pre-industrial use of Scots pine resources in northern Fennoscandia: sustainability and spatial patterns of native Sami land use. (manuscript)
Place of Publication:Umeå
Publisher:Dept. of Forest Ecology and Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-8118-8
ISBN for electronic version:978-91-576-8119-5
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:B Geography and history > B50 History
K Forestry > K01 Forestry - General aspects
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Botany
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Food Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Forest Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 6 Humanities > 601 History and Archaeology > History
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 6 Humanities > 601 History and Archaeology > Archaeology
Agrovoc terms:ethnobotany, pinus sylvestris, bark, angelica archangelica, nutritive value, uses, indigenous knowledge, ethnic groups, nomadism, land use, history, sweden
Keywords:Forest History, Interdisciplinary research, Scots pine inner bark, Angelica archangelica, ethnobotany, human land-use, hunter-gatherers, mobility, subsistence
Permanent URL:
ID Code:11596
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > Dept. of Forest Ecology and Management
External funders:Stiftelsen Oscar och Lili Lamms minne
Deposited By: Anna-Maria Rautio
Deposited On:16 Oct 2014 12:17
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 11:09

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