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Intensification of wood production in NW Russia's Komi Republic

forest landscape history and biophysical conditions for tree growth

Naumov, Vladimir (2014). Intensification of wood production in NW Russia's Komi Republic. Skinnskatteberg : Sveriges lantbruksuniv.
ISBN 978-91-576-9248-1
eISBN 978-91-576-9249-8
[Licentiate thesis]

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Abstract

Globally, countries with forests and woodlands make attempts to manage their resources in sustainable way. In the boreal biome this has resulted in several policy documents regulating forest planning and operations at multiple levels of governance. For example, due to shortage of accessible forest intensified wood production is a priority in the Russian Federation. Intensification requires knowledge of the past use of boreal forest landscapes, as well as about effective silvicultural practices. I employed a case-study approach to understand the forest landscape history of local timber frontier in NW Russia’s Komi Republic (Paper 1), and made a comparative study of growth rates of young coniferous trees in NW Russia and Sweden (Paper 2). Three aspects of environmental history were examined in Paper 1: (1) changes in the natural environments of the past, (2) the technology or progress behind landscape development, (3) values, perception and ideology that supported changes. The results show that industrial utilization of boreal forest in NW Russia began in the end of 19th century, and attempts to intensify sustained-yield wood production were taken several times during the 20th century. In Komi the major industrial use of boreal forest started in 1927. Productive pine-dominated forests along rivers were harvested first. When transport infrastructures were developed spruce forests became accessible for harvest, and were logged and replaced by deciduous successions. However, pristine spruce forests along streams and those with a remote location remained. Forest landscape history thus provides knowledge about where forestry intensification could take place, as part of spatial planning that also considers the maintenance of green infrastructures for both human well-being and biodiversity. In paper 2 I tested the hypothesis that growth rates of young coniferous trees across latitudes in NW Russia and Sweden are the same. I therefore measured 5 long shoots of 30 young Scots pines and Norway spruces in 10 randomly selected stands in poor, mesic and rich site types at three latitudes in both countries. I did not find any significant difference in tree growth for Scots pine between the two countries. To conclude, introducing pre-commercial thinning widely is a prerequisite for sustained yield wood production. To satisfy increased needs for wood, as well as social and ecological dimensions of sustainable forest management, Russian and Soviet legacies of landscapes zoning approach should be maintained.

Authors/Creators:Naumov, Vladimir
Title:Intensification of wood production in NW Russia's Komi Republic
Subtitle:forest landscape history and biophysical conditions for tree growth
Year of publishing :November 2014
Depositing date:November 2014
Number of Pages:43
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
I.Naumov, V., Angelstam P., Elbakidze M. Intensification of wood production in the Russian boreal forest: environmental history of a regional logging frontier in Komi. (manuscript)
II.Angelstam, P., Naumov, V., Elbakidze, M. Intensifying boreal forestry after Soviet wood mining: Are growth rates of trees different in NW Russia and Sweden? (manuscript)
Place of Publication:Skinnskatteberg
Publisher:School for Forest Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Associated Programs and Other Stakeholders:Euroscapes
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-9248-1
ISBN for electronic version:978-91-576-9249-8
Language:English
Additional Information:This thesis is a part of strong research environment grant to Per Angelstam: Green infrastructures for ecological sustainability and human well-being: a network of forest, rural and urban landscapes as laboratories for integrative research.
Publication Type:Licentiate thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:B Geography and history > B50 History
E Economics, development, and rural sociology > E16 Production economics
F Plant production > F62 Plant physiology - Growth and development
K Forestry > K10 Forestry production
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 105 Earth and Related Environmental Sciences > Environmental Sciences (social aspects to be 507)
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Forest Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 502 Economics and Business > Economic History
Agrovoc terms:forest management, wood production, intensification, forest trees, growth, landscape, forest land, land use, sustainability, history, russian federation, sweden
Keywords:forest management, intensification, Sweden, NW Russia, Komi, landscape history, forest use history, tree growth, wood production
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-2230
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-2230
ID Code:11610
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > School for Forest Management
External funders:FORMAS
Deposited By: Vladimir Naumov
Deposited On:21 Nov 2014 15:11
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 11:09

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