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Horse mouth behaviour related to selected kinematic variables representing horse-rider interaction

a pilot study

Eisersiö, Marie and Roepstorff, Lars and Weishaupt, MA and Egenvall, Agneta (2013). Horse mouth behaviour related to selected kinematic variables representing horse-rider interaction. Veterinary journal. 198, e33-e38
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tvjl.2013.09.030

Abstract

The objective of this pilot study was to investigate the influence of rein contact and the movement of the rider’s hand on the horse’s behaviour, analysing data on horses ridden in two different head and neck positions. We hypothesized that the rider’s hand movements and rein tension generate behavioural responses from the horse, and more so when ridden on the bit compared to free and unrestrained. Data were collected from seven dressage horses/riders in sitting trot on a high-speed treadmill. Kinematics were recorded using a 12-camera, infrared-based opto-electronic system. Behavioural recordings were made from video and three horses wore a rein tension meter. After stride split, data were standardised to 0-100% stride duration. Mixed models were used to analyse how the behaviours varied over the stride cycle; trial within horse was treated as a random effect, while percentage of stride, rein tension and kinematic variables mainly related to the rider’s hand were entered as fixed effects. Behaviours discerned were lip movement, mouth movement, open mouth, ear position, head tilt and tail movement. Mouth movements were associated with the suspension phase of the trot and percentage of stride was highly significant (P<0.0001). Head and neck position was non-significant in the final models, while rein tension and the distance between the rider’s hand and the horse’s mouth affected the amount of mouth movements. The results from this preliminary study convey the large variations between horses and riders, as well as the complexity of the interaction.

Authors/Creators:Eisersiö, Marie and Roepstorff, Lars and Weishaupt, MA and Egenvall, Agneta
Title:Horse mouth behaviour related to selected kinematic variables representing horse-rider interaction
Subtitle:a pilot study
Series/Journal:Veterinary journal (1090-0233)
Year of publishing :2013
Depositing date:November 2014
Volume:198
Page range:e33-e38
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1090-0233
Language:English
Additional Information:Published with the title "Movements of the horse’s mouth in relation to horse–rider kinematic variables".
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Accepted version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Clinical Science
Keywords:equine behaviour, rein tension, dressage
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-2259
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-2259
ID Code:11659
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Clinical Sciences
(VH) > Dept. of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry
External funders:FORMAS
Deposited By: Prof Agneta Egenvall
Deposited On:11 Dec 2014 10:13
Metadata Last Modified:04 Dec 2015 09:13

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