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Restructuring the agri-food value chains in post-socialistic Balkans

the dairy value chain in FYR Macedonia

Tuna, Emelj (2014). Restructuring the agri-food value chains in post-socialistic Balkans. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2014:109
ISBN 978-91-576-8084-8
eISBN 978-91-576-8085-3
[Doctoral thesis]

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Like most of the Western-Balkan countries, the Former Yugoslav Republic (FYR) of Macedonia experienced significant difficulties in adapting and modernizing its agricultural production in accordance to the highly competitive regional and EU markets. By examining the dairy value chain of the FYR Macedonia, this thesis presents the challenges and changes in the organizational and institutional setting of the agri-food value chains in post-socialist Balkan countries. Various theoretical approaches are applied to assess the competitiveness levels on each segment in the industry, as well as to characterize the institutional environment, the governance and the organizational structure, and the overall level of development and competitive prospects. A general conclusion of this thesis is that the dairy industry in FYR Macedonia is still under its competitive potentials. The institutional setting and governance, as well the organization of the chain, and the market structure and level of modernization, indicate that the dairy industry in the country requires further modernization and consolidation in order to reach its competitiveness potentials on both domestic and international markets.

The findings of this study are valuable for the actors in the dairy supply chain, since they provide information of each actor’s position in the supply chain, the market structure, and the development of the chain in general. Two main contributions of this study are the analysis of contracts and the social network, both based on primary data collected from farmers in the FYR Macedonia. The analysis of contractual arrangements with dairies shows that transaction costs are main determinants of the choice of contracts. The analysis of the Social Network, in which the patterns of activation of social capital can contribute to finding a solution to the problems with the functioning of the farm associations and cooperatives in countries with similar socialistic background. The conclusions of these studies can be extended to other countries wedged in a long transition, and could easily transfer to the experiences in the countries from the Western Balkan region.

Authors/Creators:Tuna, Emelj
Title:Restructuring the agri-food value chains in post-socialistic Balkans
Subtitle:the dairy value chain in FYR Macedonia
Series Name/Journal:Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae
Year of publishing :27 November 2014
Depositing date:27 November 2014
Number of Pages:62
I.Tuna E. (2014). Competitiveness as a driver of change - the restructuring and consolidation of the dairy industry in the FYR Macedonia
II.Tuna E., Karantitninis K. and Surry Y. (2014). To contract or not in the food sector of transition economies?
III.Tuna E., Karantitninis K. and Hajdellari L. (2014). Social networks in post-socialist countries. Informal networking among dairy farmers in FYR Macedonia
IV.Tuna E. and Nilsson J. (2013). Institutional mismatch in a transition economy. The collapse of Swedmilk Macedonia. Journal of Agribusiness in developing and Emerging Economies 3, 84-100.
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-8084-8
ISBN for electronic version:978-91-576-8085-3
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:E Economics, development, and rural sociology > E10 Agricultural economics and policies
E Economics, development, and rural sociology > E21 Agro-industry
J Handling, transport, storage and protection of agricultural products > J13 Handling, transport, storage and protection of animal products
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 502 Economics and Business > Business Administration
Agrovoc terms:dairy industry, farmers, economic competition, contracts, food supply, markets, social groups, networks, former yugoslav republic of macedonia
Keywords:competitiveness, social capital, networks
Permanent URL:
ID Code:11679
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics
External funders:Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency
Deposited By: Emelj Ema Tuna
Deposited On:28 Nov 2014 07:33
Metadata Last Modified:14 Dec 2014 00:33

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