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Fungicide effects on fungal community composition in the wheat phyllosphere

Karlsson, Ida and Friberg, Hanna and Steinberg, Christian and Persson, Paula (2014). Fungicide effects on fungal community composition in the wheat phyllosphere. PloS one. 9:11, e111786
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111786

Abstract

The fungicides used to control diseases in cereal production can have adverse effects on non-target fungi, with possible consequences for plant health and productivity. This study examined fungicide effects on fungal communities on winter wheat leaves in two areas of Sweden. High-throughput 454 sequencing of the fungal ITS2 region yielded 235 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) at the species level from the 18 fields studied. It was found that commonly used fungicides had moderate but significant effect on fungal community composition in the wheat phyllosphere. The relative abundance of several saprotrophs was altered by fungicide use, while the effect on common wheat pathogens was mixed. The fungal community on wheat leaves consisted mainly of basidiomycete yeasts, saprotrophic ascomycetes and plant pathogens. A core set of six fungal OTUs representing saprotrophic species was identified. These were present across all fields, although overall the difference in OTU richness was large between the two areas studied.

Authors/Creators:Karlsson, Ida and Friberg, Hanna and Steinberg, Christian and Persson, Paula
Title:Fungicide effects on fungal community composition in the wheat phyllosphere
Series/Journal:PloS one (1932-6203)
Year of publishing :2014
Depositing date:10 February 2015
Volume:9
Number:11
Page range:e111786
Number of Pages:12
Publisher:Public Library of Science
ISSN:1932-6203
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:F Plant production > F40 Plant ecology
X Agricola extesions > X30 Life sciences
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Microbiology (Microbiology in the medical area to be 30109)
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Agricultural Science
Agrovoc terms:fungi, fungicides, plant condition, agricultural practices
Keywords:fungi, fungicides, plant health, plant productivity, phillosphere, agricultural practices, fungal community
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-2395
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-2395
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
Web of Science (WoS)000344402000100
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0111786
ID Code:11779
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Crop Production Ecology
(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology
(S) > Dept. of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:10 Feb 2015 13:04
Metadata Last Modified:19 Feb 2015 07:39

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