Home About Browse Search
Svenska


The incentive gap: LULUCF and the Kyoto mechanism before and after Durban

Ellison, David and Petersson, Hans and Lundblad, Mattias and Wikberg, Per-Erik and Lundblad, Mattias (2013). The incentive gap: LULUCF and the Kyoto mechanism before and after Durban. Global change biology. 5:6, 599-622
[Journal article]

[img]
Preview
PDF
1MB

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/gcbb.12034

Abstract

To-date, forest resource-based carbon accounting in land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Kyoto Protocol (KP), European Union (EU) and national level emission reduction schemes considers only a fraction of its potential and fails to adequately mobilize the LULUCF sector for the successful stabilization of atmospheric greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations. Recent modifications at the 2011 COP17 meetings in Durban have partially addressed this basic problem, but leave room for improvement. The presence of an Incentive Gap (IG) continues to justify reform of the LULUCF carbon accounting framework. Frequently neglected in the climate change mitigation and adaptation literature, carbon accounting practices ultimately define the nuts and bolts of what counts and which resources (forest, forest-based or other) are favored and utilized. For Annex I countries in the Kyoto Mechanism, the Incentive Gap under forest management (FM) is significantly large: some 75% or more of potential forestry-based carbon sequestration is not effectively incentivized or mobilized for climate change mitigation and adaptation (Ellison etal. 2011a). In this paper, we expand our analysis of the Incentive Gap to incorporate the changes agreed in Durban and encompass both a wider set of countries and a larger set of omitted carbon pools. For Annex I countries, based on the first 2years of experience in the first Commitment Period (CP1) we estimate the IG in FM at approximately 88%. Though significantly reduced in CP2, the IG remains a problem. Thus our measure of missed opportunities under the Kyoto and UNFCCC framework - despite the changes in Durban - remains important. With the exception perhaps of increased energy efficiency, few sinks or sources of reduced emissions can be mobilized as effectively and efficiently as forests. Thus, we wonder at the sheer magnitude of this underutilized resource.

Authors/Creators:Ellison, David and Petersson, Hans and Lundblad, Mattias and Wikberg, Per-Erik and Lundblad, Mattias
Title:The incentive gap: LULUCF and the Kyoto mechanism before and after Durban
Series/Journal:Global change biology (1365-2486)
Year of publishing :2013
Volume:5
Number:6
Page range:599-622
Number of Pages:24
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:1365-2486
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:K Forestry > K01 Forestry - General aspects
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Forest Science
Agrovoc terms:incentives, policies, land use, forest resources, emission rediction, greenhouse gases
Keywords:incentives, policies, land use, forest resources, emission rediction, greenhouse gases
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-2836
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-2836
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
Web of Science (WoS)000328476600001
ID Code:11966
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > Dept. of Forest Resource Management
(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Forest Resource Management

(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Soil and Environment
(S) > Dept. of Soil and Environment
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:14 Aug 2015 08:17
Metadata Last Modified:15 Dec 2015 06:52

Repository Staff Only: item control page