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Sex effects of dioecious plants on interactions with insects

considering herbivores, pollinators and effects on a third trophic level

Karlsson Moritz, Kim (2015). Sex effects of dioecious plants on interactions with insects. Uppsala: (NL, NJ) > Dept. of Ecology
(S) > Dept. of Ecology
, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet. Introductory research essay
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Abstract

Bioenergy forestry is a viable alternative to fossil fuels, providing a mean to reduce net carbon emissions and thus our impact on climate change. It is therefore important that bioenergy production is not hampered by herbivory. If plants with certain traits can be chosen to maximize biological control, bioenergy forestry can become an even more potent and sustainable practice. The aim of my project is to investigate what effects sex in a bioenergy crop has on multitrophic interactions and pollinator attraction. Plant sex effects will be investigated using the dioecious Salix viminalis (Salicaceae), commonly grown in plantations in Sweden, Germany, Denmark, Great Britain and a few more European countries. The project will describe how plant sex affects ecosystem services provided by this crop (biological control and pollination), and through that the potential to increase these ecosystem services through selecting or combining clones of either sex. While the results will be easily applied knowledge, my project will also expand our general knowledge of plant sex effects; multitrophic interactions between plants and insects and among insects are barely described. Insect species under study will be a herbivorous beetle (Phratora vulgatissima, Coleoptera), an omnivorous predatory bug (Anthocoris nemorum, Hemiptera), and a parasitoid wasp (Perilitus brevicollis, Hymenoptera). I will use these species in a series of field- and laboratory based experiments. In addition, plant sex effects on pollinator attraction will be tested in the field experiments through observing flower visitation rates and recording berry production in adjacent woodland strawberries, Fragaria vesca. The aim of this essay is to compile (i) an overview of previous work performed on, or otherwise relevant to, plant sex effects on interactions with animals and (ii) necessary information on the study system that I will use in the planned experiments.

Authors/Creators:Karlsson Moritz, Kim
Title:Sex effects of dioecious plants on interactions with insects
Subtitle:considering herbivores, pollinators and effects on a third trophic level
Series/Journal:Introductory research essay (Department of Ecology, SLU)(11734440)
Year of publishing :27 January 2015
Depositing date:30 March 2015
Volume:2015
Page range:18
Number of Pages:18
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Department of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Language:English
Publication Type:Report
Refereed:No
Article category:Other scientific
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:F Plant production > F40 Plant ecology
X Agricola extesions > X30 Life sciences
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Botany
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
Agrovoc terms:salix, plants
Keywords:Salix, plant sex, trophic interactions
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-2575
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-2575
ID Code:12050
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Ecology
(S) > Dept. of Ecology
External funders:Energimyndigheten
Deposited By: Kim Karlsson Moritz
Deposited On:17 Apr 2015 12:56
Metadata Last Modified:07 Feb 2016 20:50

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