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Effects of mining on reindeer/caribou populations and indigenous livelihoods : community-based monitoring by Sami reindeer herders in Sweden and First Nations in Canada

Herrmann, Thora Martina and Sandström, Per and Cuciurean, Rick (2014). Effects of mining on reindeer/caribou populations and indigenous livelihoods : community-based monitoring by Sami reindeer herders in Sweden and First Nations in Canada. The Polar Journal. 4:1, 28-51
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/2154896X.2014.913917

Abstract

This paper explores the effects of human disturbances associated with mine development in the Arctic on habitat and populations of reindeer/caribou (both Rangifer tarandus), and implications for reindeer husbandry and caribou hunting of indigenous Sami people in Sweden and First Nations in Canada. Through three case studies, we illustrate how Cree and Naskapi communities develop commu- nity-based geospatial information tools to collect field data on caribou migration and habitat changes, and how Sami reindeer herders use GIS to gather informa- tion about reindeer husbandry to better communicate impacts of mining on rein- deer grazing areas. Findings indicate impacts on the use of disturbed habitat by reindeer/caribou, on migration routes, and northern livelihoods. The three cases present novel methods for community-based environmental monitoring, with applications in hazards mapping and denote the active engagement of indigenous communities in polar environmental assessments, generating community-oriented data for land use management decisions. They also illustrate how technology can lead to better communication and its role for empowerment.

Authors/Creators:Herrmann, Thora Martina and Sandström, Per and Cuciurean, Rick
Title:Effects of mining on reindeer/caribou populations and indigenous livelihoods : community-based monitoring by Sami reindeer herders in Sweden and First Nations in Canada
Series/Journal:The Polar Journal (2154-896X)
Year of publishing :2014
Volume:4
Number:1
Page range:28-51
Number of Pages:24
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:2154-896X
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Accepted version
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:L Animal production > L20 Animal ecology
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
Agrovoc terms:mining, disturbance, cervidae, reindeer, environmental monitoring, indigenous peoples, communication
Keywords:mining, disturbances, reindeer, caribou, Sami, First Nations, community based environmental monitoring, communication, local and landscape level
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-2670
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-2670
ID Code:12184
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > Dept. of Forest Resource Management
(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Forest Resource Management
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:03 Jun 2015 08:18
Metadata Last Modified:07 Feb 2016 22:22

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