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Biosecurity level and health management practices in 60 Swedish farrow-to-finish herds

Backhans, Annette and Sjölund, Marie and Lindberg, Ann and Emanuelson, Ulf (2015). Biosecurity level and health management practices in 60 Swedish farrow-to-finish herds. Acta veterinaria Scandinavica. 57:14, 1-11
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-015-0103-5

Abstract

Background: Biosecurity measures are important tools to maintain animal health in pig herds. Within the MINAPIG project, whose overall aim is to evaluate strategies to raise pigs with less antimicrobial use, biosecurity was evaluated in medium to large farrow-to-finish pig herds in Sweden. In 60 farrow-to-finish herds with more than 100 sows, the biosecurity level was evaluated using a previously developed protocol (BioCheck). In a detailed questionnaire, internal and external biosecurity was scored in six subcategories each. An overall score for biosecurity was also provided. Information regarding production parameters as well as gender and educational level of personnel working with the pigs was also collected. Descriptive statistics were used to examine the recorded data.Results: The median scores for external and internal biosecurity were 68 and 59, respectively, where 0 indicates total absence of biosecurity and 100 means maximal possible biosecurity. The subcategories for external and internal biosecurity that had the highest scores were "Purchase of animals" (external) and "Nursery unit"/"Fattening unit" (internal), while "Feed, water and equipment supplies" (external) and "Measures between compartments and equipment"/"Cleaning and disinfection" (internal) received the lowest scores. A female caretaker in the farrowing unit, a farmer with fewer years of experience and more educated personnel were positively associated with higher scores for some of the external and internal subcategories. In herds with < 190 sows, fattening pigs were mixed between batches significantly more often than in larger herds.Conclusions: The herds in this study had a high level of external biosecurity, as well as good internal biosecurity. Strong biosecurity related to the purchase of animals, protocols for visitors, the use of all-in, all-out systems, and sanitary period between batches. Still, there is room for improvement in preventing both the introduction of disease to herds (external) and the spread of infections within herds (internal). Systems for animal transport can be improved and with respect to internal biosecurity, there is especially room for improvement regarding hygiene measures in and between compartments, as well as the staff's working procedures between different groups of pigs.

Authors/Creators:Backhans, Annette and Sjölund, Marie and Lindberg, Ann and Emanuelson, Ulf
Title:Biosecurity level and health management practices in 60 Swedish farrow-to-finish herds
Series/Journal:Acta veterinaria Scandinavica (0044-605X)
Year of publishing :2015
Volume:57
Number:14
Page range:1-11
Number of Pages:11
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:0044-605X
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:L Animal production > L70 Veterinary science and hygiene - General aspects
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Clinical Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Other Veterinary Science
Agrovoc terms:swine, disease controle, resistance to antibiotics, veterinary medicine
Keywords:pig production, biosecurity, health management
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-2667
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-2667
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
Web of Science (WoS)000350857000001
ID Code:12233
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Clinical Sciences
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:19 May 2015 11:25
Metadata Last Modified:21 May 2015 02:30

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