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Electrochemical treatment of tumours

Euler, Henrik von (2002). Electrochemical treatment of tumours. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) SLU Service/Repro, Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae. Veterinaria, 1401-6257 ; 133
ISBN 91-576-6386-6
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

By electrochemical treatment (EChT) neoplastic tissue is supplied with a continuous direct current through two or more electrodes placed in or near the tumour. The EChT has been taken under serious consideration as being one of several techniques for local treatment of malignancies. The advantage of the therapy is the minimal invasive approach and few serious side effects. EChT has not yet been universally accepted due to the absence of essential preclinical studies and controlled clinical trials. Uncertainties regarding the destruction mechanism of EChT also hinder the development of an optimised and reliable methodology for serving as a complement in the oncologic treatments used in the Western world. This thesis investigates the correlation between the pH profile in the tissue surrounding the electrodes and the macroscopic, histopathological and ultrastructural tissue destruction obtained after EChT. Experiments designed to display both the normal, as well as tumour tissue response, is described. A separation between the polarities of the electrodes has been assured to allow specific examinations of the different reactions. To verify the relation between cell damage and pH an in vitro model was conducted where tumour cells were exposed to a pH gradient. To investigate if the same destructive mechanisms could be observed in tumour tissue in vivo an animal model was performed with the same cell line. The in vivo experiments also served as a control and calibration of a mathematical dose-planning model. To examine the change of pH in tissue extensive in situ pH-measurements were performed with a micro-combination glass electrode. The distribution of the lesions was predictable, irrespective of dose and electrode configuration. Destruction volumes were found to fit into a logarithmic curve (dose-response). Histopathological examination confirmed the macroscopically detectable lesions. The type of necrosis differed due to electrode polarity. Ultra-structural analysis showed distinct features of cell damage depending on the distance from the electrode. Histopathological and ultra-structural examination demonstrated that the tissue close to the border of the lesions displayed a normal morphology. In the tumour model in vivo, significant changes in proliferation rate were seen both in the cathode and anode reaction. Apoptosis were induced in the anodic treatment suggesting that secondary cell destruction was caused by necrosis with cathodic EChT and apoptosis or necrosis at the anode. The findings agree with the results from the in vitro experiment

Authors/Creators:Euler, Henrik von
Title:Electrochemical treatment of tumours
Year of publishing :January 2002
Volume:133
Number of Pages:31
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
ALLI. von Euler, H., Nilsson, E., Lagerstedt, A-S. and Olsson, J.M. 1999. Development of a dose-planning method for electrochemical treatment of tumors. A study of mammary tissue in healthy female CD-rats. Electro- and Magnetobiology, 18, 93-105. II. von Euler, H., Nilsson, E., Olsson, J.M. and Lagerstedt, A-S. 2001. Electrochemical treatment (EChT) effects in rat mammary and liver tissue. In vivo optimizing of a dose-planning model for EChT of tumours. Bioelectrochemistry, 54, 117-24. III. von Euler, H., Söderstedt, A., Thörne, A., Olsson, J.M. and Yongqing, G. 2002. Cellular toxicity on the R3230AC rat mammary tumour cell line by a pH-gradient. An in vitro model for investigation of the tumour destructive properties of electrochemical treatment (EChT) of tumours. Bioelectrochemistry. Accepted. IV. von Euler, H., Olsson, J.M., Hultenby, K., Thörne, A. and Lagerstedt, A-S. 2002. Animal models for treatment of unresectable liver tumours:A histopathologic and ultra-structural study of cellular toxic changes after electrochemical treatment (EChT) in rat and dog liver. Submitted. V. von Euler, H., Stråhle, K., Thörne, A. and Yongqing, G. 2002. Cell proliferation and apoptosis in rat mammary cancer after electrochemical treatment (EChT). Submitted
Place of Publication:SLU Service/Repro, Uppsala
ISBN for printed version:91-576-6386-6
ISSN:1401-6257
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:L Animal production > L74 Miscellaneous animal disorders
L Animal production > L70 Veterinary science and hygiene - General aspects
Subjects:Not in use, please see Agris categories
Agrovoc terms:neoplasms, therapy, electricity, dosage, liver, mammary glands, in vitro experimentation, in vivo experimentation, animal models, rats, laboratory animals, sweden
Keywords:apoptosis, cancer, direct current, dose planning, electrotherapy, in vitro, in vivo, liver, mammary tumour
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-1152
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-1152
ID Code:123
Department:(VH) > Institutionen för kirurgi och medicin, Smådjur (970101-061231)
Deposited By: Henrik von Euler
Deposited On:08 Jan 2003 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:01

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