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Barriers and bridges for introducing agroforestry and community-based forestry among food insecure households in eastern Africa

Johansson, Karl-Erik (2015). Barriers and bridges for introducing agroforestry and community-based forestry among food insecure households in eastern Africa. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Skinnskatteberg : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2015:68
ISBN 978-91-576-8334-2
eISBN 978-91-576-8335-9
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

The aim of introducing agroforestry and community-based forestry is to secure and improve livelihoods, maintain and restore ecosystem services, and contribute to climate change mitigation and adaptation. However, the adoption and scaling up of these systems among food insecure communities have proved to be difficult. To better understand why, I identified barriers and bridges at different adoption stages and levels of governance. These were analysed using policy narratives and the sustainable livelihood approach in the light of sustainable development, sustainability and resilience of landscapes. The first stage was the negotiation process between the Swedish NGO Vi-Skogen and the Swedish International
Development Agency (Sida) about funding. Three explanatory approaches were used: organizational, power and context. Vi-Skogen and Sida were caught in policy
incompatibility dilemmas that slowed down the NGO policy process, and delayed critical changes that could have improved project outcomes. The second was Vi-Skogen’s agroforestry project in Tanzania’s Mara Region. A random sample of 21 households was drawn from each of 89 project villages. The proportion of households with surviving agroforestry trees varied from 10-90 % among villages.
Field training and visits to farmers with good practices were important for households to start planting trees. Local collaboration, perceived ownership of trees and benefits of trees for crop production were additional factors important for households’ decision to continue with agroforestry practices. The third was eleven
community-based forest producer and user groups (CBFGs) in eastern and southern Africa. Development of many groups had stagnated and few had managed to develop large scale value-added production. I identified eight barriers and four bridges that influenced the scaling up process of agroforestry and community based forestry among food insecure households. All resulted from interactions
among social, political, and economic structures and processes at multiple levels of governance. It is concluded that these interactions influenced the scaling up process and the development of sustainable subsistence systems among food insecure households. Collaborative knowledge production and learning is an approach through which the social capital and organisational capacity of the food insecure households can grow, enabling them to constructively address these multidimensional interactions to work in their favour. The use of this approach, i.e. a landscape approach, holds the opportunity through which subsistence systems can be transformed from causing degradation to promote sustainable development and livelihoods.

Authors/Creators:Johansson, Karl-Erik
Title:Barriers and bridges for introducing agroforestry and community-based forestry among food insecure households in eastern Africa
Series/Journal:Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae (1652-6880)
Year of publishing :June 2015
Depositing date:21 June 2015
Volume:2015:68
Number of Pages:103
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
IJohansson, K.E.V., Elgström, O., Kimanzu, N., Nylund, J.E. & Persson, R. (2010). Trends in development aid, negotiation process and NGO policy change. Voluntas, vol. 21, pp. 371-392.
IIJohansson, K.E., Axelsson, R. & Kimanzu, N. (2013). Mapping the relationship of inter-village variation in agroforestry tree survival to social and ecological characteristics: The case of the Vi Agroforestry project, Mara region, Tanzania. Sustainability, vol. 5, pp. 5171-5194.
IIIJohansson, K.E., Axelsson, R., Kimanzu, N., Sassi, S.O., Bwana, E. & Otsyina, R. (2013). The pattern and process of adoption and scaling up: Variation in project outcome reveals the importance of multilevel collaboration in agroforestry development. Sustainability, vol. 5, pp. 5195-5224.
IVJohansson, K.E., Gondo, P., Nantongo, C., Roos, G. & Kleinschmit, D.(2013). Community based forest groups in Eastern and Southern Africa – a study of prospects for capacity improvement. International forestry review, vol. 15 (4), pp. 471-488.
VAxelsson, R., Angelstam, P., Elbakidze, M., Stryamets, N. & Johansson, K.E. (2011). Sustainable development and sustainability: Landscape approach as a practical interpretation of principles and implementation concepts. Journal of landscape ecology, vol. 4 (3), pp. 5-30.
Place of Publication:Skinnskatteberg
Publisher:The School for Forest Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Associated Programs and Other Stakeholders:Euroscapes
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-8334-2
ISBN for electronic version:978-91-576-8335-9
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:E Economics, development, and rural sociology > E14 Development economics and policies
K Forestry > K10 Forestry production
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Agricultural Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Forest Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 506 Political Science > Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 509 Other Social Sciences > Social Sciences Interdisciplinary (Peace and Conflict Research and Studies on Sustainable Society)
Agrovoc terms:agroforestry, households, livelihoods, forestry policies, poverty, development projects, community organizations, nongovernmental organizations, landscape, united republic of tanzania, east africa, southern africa
Keywords:poverty reduction, food insecurity, landscape approach, multi-level governance, social learning, stakeholder collaboration, technology adoption and scaling up, civil society, policy narrative, negotiation, sustainable livelihood, resilience
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-2714
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-2714
ID Code:12388
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > School for Forest Management
Deposited By: Dr Karl-Erik Johansson
Deposited On:22 Jun 2015 08:56
Metadata Last Modified:25 Jun 2015 06:52

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