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Effect of Transport Time of up to 12 Hours on Welfare of Cows and Bulls

Bulitta, Sorri Fufa and Aradom Messmer, Samuel and Gebresenbet, Girma (2015). Effect of Transport Time of up to 12 Hours on Welfare of Cows and Bulls. Journal of Service Science and Management. 8:2, 161-182
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Abstract

The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of transport time up to 12 h on welfare of
bulls and cows. Cattle transport vehicle was used for the experiment. Sensors to measure temperature,
relative humidity and video camera to monitor behaviour were mounted in observation pen.
Eighteen measurements were performed during summer and winter for 4, 8, and 12 h transport
time with three replications. To determine cortisol, glucose, lactate, and creatine kinase concentrations,
blood samples were collected before and after transport from 80 bulls, 82 cows and 20
control animals. Cortisol concentration was generally inversely proportional to transport time (P
< 0.001). Glucose concentration for cows was the highest at 12 h and the lowest at 8 h and for bulls
it increased with transport time (P < 0.002). Lactate level generally correlated with transport time
(P < 0.001), but for bulls the highest and the lowest were at 8 and 4 h in winter. Creatine kinase
concentration positively correlated with transport time for bulls and cows but at different rates.
Loss of balance and swaying strongly correlated with transport time (P < 0.002). Based on behaviour,
stress hormones and pH values, an increase from 4 to 8 h had a higher effect than from 8 to
12 h transport time on welfare and subsequent meat quality.

Authors/Creators:Bulitta, Sorri Fufa and Aradom Messmer, Samuel and Gebresenbet, Girma
Title:Effect of Transport Time of up to 12 Hours on Welfare of Cows and Bulls
Series/Journal:Journal of Service Science and Management (1940-9907)
Year of publishing :2015
Volume:8
Number:2
Page range:161-182
Number of Pages:22
Publisher:Scientific Research Publishing
ISSN:1940-9907
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 2 Engineering and Technology > 211 Other Engineering and Technologies > Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Keywords:Animal Welfare, Animal Handling, Behaviour, Swaying, Transport Time
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3220
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3220
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.4236/jssm.2015.82019
ID Code:12473
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Energy and Technology
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:18 Feb 2016 07:56
Metadata Last Modified:27 Feb 2016 15:26

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