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Cod pots in a Baltic fishery: are they efficient and what affects their efficiency?

Königson, Sara and Fredriksson, Ronny and Lunneryd, Sven-Gunnar and Strömberg, Patrick and Bergström, Ulf (2015). Cod pots in a Baltic fishery: are they efficient and what affects their efficiency? ICES journal of marine science. 72:5, 1545-1554
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Abstract

With the growing grey seal population in the Baltic Sea, the inshore cod fishery has suffered dramatic increases in both catch losses and damage to fishing gear. To mitigate this situation, cod pots were evaluated as an alternative to traditional gillnets and longlines. During a 3-year study, cod pots were used by commercial fishers in two areas off the coast of Sweden. Using the data from this study, we evaluated catches from pots in relation to other gear types and investigated the effects of environmental and fisheries-related variables such as depth and soak time. The comparison of pots with other gear types showed that, during the first half of the year, the pot fishery generated lower daily catches than the gillnet and longline fisheries at comparable fishing efforts. During the second half of the year, catches in the pot fishery exceeded or were equal to those in the traditional fisheries. Using generalized additive models to evaluate the impact of environmental and fisheries-related variables on pot catches, we showed that, in both areas, the catch per unit effort (cpue) of legal-sized cod was affected by the water depth, the time of year (months), and the soak time. In one of the areas, cpue was also affected by the direction of the water current in relation to the orientation of the string of pots. The cpue of undersized cod was affected by topographic variables such as the slope and the complexity of the bottom, in addition to the water depth, month of the year, and soak time. The results from the study indicate that pots can be a useful alternative gear in the Baltic cod fishery, at least during part of the year. By using our information on how catches are affected by environmental and fisheries-related variables, the pot fishery may be further optimized to increase catches.

Authors/Creators:Königson, Sara and Fredriksson, Ronny and Lunneryd, Sven-Gunnar and Strömberg, Patrick and Bergström, Ulf
Title:Cod pots in a Baltic fishery: are they efficient and what affects their efficiency?
Series/Journal:ICES journal of marine science (1095-9289)
Year of publishing :2015
Volume:72
Number:5
Page range:1545-1554
Number of Pages:10
Publisher:International Council for the Exploration of the Sea
ISSN:1095-9289
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Fish and Aquacultural Science
Keywords:catch per unit effort, catching efficiency, cod pot, environmental and fisheries-related effects, GAM, gillnet and longline fisheries
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-2930
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-2930
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
Web of Science (WoS)000356233800027
DOI10.1093/icesjms/fsu230
ID Code:12605
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Department of Aquatic Resources
External funders:Fiskeriverket - Swedish Board of Fisheries and Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management and Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:15 Sep 2015 08:20
Metadata Last Modified:15 Sep 2015 08:20

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