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Fungal degradation and discolouration of Scots pine

a molecular approach

Råberg, Ulrika (2006). Fungal degradation and discolouration of Scots pine. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2006:107
ISBN 91-576-7256-3
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

The aim of the present study was to use PCR-based methods to identify wood degrading and discolouring fungi in above ground conditions. The PCR-based Terminal Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (T-RFLP), cloning and sequencing procedures have been used to identify fungi. These results have been correlated and compared with microscope observations of fungi and decay types, mass loss, strength tests, decay intensity and environmental factors such as precipitation, temperature and altitude. An overview of current testing and evaluation of wood durability in above ground conditions has also been presented. The results show that it is possible to identify wood degrading and discolouring fungi isolated directly from wood by using the T-RFLP technique. T-RFLP allows identification of more than one fungus in a sample in one single analysis according to their T-RFLP profile. In the two field test exposures used in this thesis, soft rot was the most abundant rot type found. The degree of soft rot correlated well with mass loss which was a better indicator for early stages of decay than impact bending, MOR and MOE. Results do not provide any straightforward correlation between identified fungi, decay intensity, strength loss and mass loss or environmental factors. In this work accelerated tests, staple bed and double layer, were used as an attempt to speed up the decay progress. The results from these tests do not indicate any increased rate in wood deterioration. Staple beds exposed in the test field at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences in Ultuna were compared to the European standard field test, ENV 12037 exposed at the same time in the same field. After 2,5 years both test exposures were in the early stage of fungal colonisation indicating that the height above ground in the Ultuna field is of no importance for the initiation of wood deterioration by fungi.

Authors/Creators:Råberg, Ulrika
Title:Fungal degradation and discolouration of Scots pine
Subtitle:a molecular approach
Year of publishing :2006
Volume:2006:107
Number of Pages:38
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
ALLI. Råberg, U., Edlund, M-L., Terziev, N., and Land, C. J. 2005. Testing and evaluation of natural durability of wood in above ground conditions – an overview. Journal of Wood Science 51, 429-440. II. Råberg, U., Terziev, N., and Land, C. J. Soft rot colonization of Scots pine Pinus sylvstris (L.) sapwood in an accelerated above ground test. Submitted to Journal of Wood Science. III. Råberg, U., Högberg, N. O. S., and Land, C. J. 2005. Detection and species discrimination using rDNA T-RFLP for identification of wood decay fungi. Holzforschung 59, 696-702. IV. Råberg, U., Brischke, C., Rapp, A.O., Högberg, N. O. S., and Land, C. J. 2007. External and internal fungal flora of pine sapwood (Pinus sylvestris L.) specimens in above-ground field tests at six different sites in southwest Germany. Holzforschung 61 (in press).
Place of Publication:Uppsala
ISBN for printed version:91-576-7256-3
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agrovoc terms:wood decay, biodeterioration, fungi, pcr, identification, discoloration, pinus sylvestris
Keywords:above ground, decay testing, fungi, natural durability, PCR, Pinus sylvestris, T-RFLP
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-1304
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-1304
ID Code:1268
Department:(S) > Institutionen för trävetenskap
Deposited By: Ulrika Råberg
Deposited On:28 Nov 2006 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:10

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