Home About Browse Search
Svenska


Incidence of Diabetes Mellitus in Insured Swedish Cats in Relation to Age, Breed and Sex

Öhlund, Malin and Fall, Tove and Ström Holst, Bodil and Hansson-Hamlin, Helene and Bonnett, Brenda and Egenvall, Agneta (2015). Incidence of Diabetes Mellitus in Insured Swedish Cats in Relation to Age, Breed and Sex. Journal of veterinary internal medicine. 29:5, 1342-1347
[Journal article]

[img]
Preview
PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

3MB

Abstract

Background: Diabetes mellitus ( DM) is a common endocrinopathy in cats. Most affected cats suffer from a type of diabetes similar to type 2 diabetes in humans. An increasing prevalence has been described in cats, as in humans, related to obesity and other lifestyle factors. Objectives: To describe the incidence of DM in insured Swedish cats and the association of DM with demographic risk factors, such as age, breed and sex. Animals: A cohort of 504,688 individual cats accounting for 1,229,699 cat- years at risk ( CYAR) insured by a Swedish insurance company from 2009 to 2013. Methods: We used reimbursed insurance claims for the diagnosis of DM. Overall incidence rates and incidence rates stratified on year, age, breed, and sex were estimated. Results: The overall incidence rate of DM in the cohort was 11.6 cases ( 95% confidence interval [ CI], 11.0- 12.2) per 10,000 CYAR. Male cats had twice as high incidence rate ( 15.4; 95% CI, 14.4- 16.4) as females ( 7.6; 95% CI, 6.9- 8.3). Domestic cats were at higher risk compared to purebred cats. A significant association with breed was seen, with the Burmese, Russian Blue, Norwegian Forest cat, and Abyssinian breeds at a higher risk compared to other cats. No sex predisposition was found among Burmese cats. Several breeds with a lower risk of DM were identified. Conclusions and clinical importance: Our results verify that the Burmese breed is at increased risk of developing DM. We also identified several previously unreported breeds with increased or decreased risk of DM.

Authors/Creators:Öhlund, Malin and Fall, Tove and Ström Holst, Bodil and Hansson-Hamlin, Helene and Bonnett, Brenda and Egenvall, Agneta
Title:Incidence of Diabetes Mellitus in Insured Swedish Cats in Relation to Age, Breed and Sex
Series/Journal:Journal of veterinary internal medicine (0891-6640)
Year of publishing :2015
Volume:29
Number:5
Page range:1342-1347
Number of Pages:6
Publisher:Wiley Periodicals, Inc., American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine
ISSN:0891-6640
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 402 Animal and Dairy Science > Animal and Dairy Science.
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Clinical Science
Keywords:Burmese, Epidemiology, Feline, Type 2 diabetes
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-2988
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-2988
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
Web of Science (WoS)000360916700011
DOI10.1111/jvim.13584
ID Code:12682
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Clinical Sciences
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:13 Oct 2015 12:07
Metadata Last Modified:23 Feb 2016 05:21

Repository Staff Only: item control page