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Moving to serene nature may prevent poor mental health—results from a swedish longitudinal cohort study

Van Den Bosch, Matilda and Östergren, P.-O. and Grahn, Patrik and Skärbäck, Erik and Wahrborg, Peter (2015). Moving to serene nature may prevent poor mental health—results from a swedish longitudinal cohort study. International journal of environmental research and public health. 12:7, 7974-7989
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph120707974

Abstract

Green spaces are recognized for improving mental health, but what particular kind of nature is required is yet not elucidated. This study explores the effect of specific types of recreational nature qualities on mental health. Longitudinal data (1999/2000 and 2005) from a public health survey was distributed to a stratified sample (n = 24,945) of a Swedish population. People from rural or suburban areas (n = 9230) who had moved between baseline and follow-up (n = 1419) were studied. Individual geographic residence codes were linked to five predefined nature qualities, classified in geographic information systems (GIS). Any change in the amount of or type of qualities within 300 m distance between baseline and follow-up was correlated to any change in mental health (as measured by the General Health Questionnaire) by logistic regression models. On average, the population had limited access to nature qualities both pre- and post-move. There was no significant correlation between change in the amount of qualities and change in mental health. However, the specific quality “serene” was a significant determinant with a significantly decreased risk for women of change to mental ill-health at follow-up. The objective definition of the potentially health-promoting quality may facilitate implication in landscape practice and healthy planning

Authors/Creators:Van Den Bosch, Matilda and Östergren, P.-O. and Grahn, Patrik and Skärbäck, Erik and Wahrborg, Peter
Title:Moving to serene nature may prevent poor mental health—results from a swedish longitudinal cohort study
Series/Journal:International journal of environmental research and public health (10382270)
Year of publishing :2015
Volume:12
Number:7
Page range:7974-7989
Number of Pages:16
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:1660-4601
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:X Agricola extesions > X38 Human medicine, health, and safety
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 3 Medical and Health Sciences > 303 Health Sciences > Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 507 Social and Economic Geography > Human Geography
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 3 Medical and Health Sciences > 302 Clinical Medicine > Psychiatry
Agrovoc terms:mental health, recreational areas, geographical information systems
Keywords:longitudinal, mental health, nature type, public health survey, recreation, GIS, wellbeing, salutogenic
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-2994
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-2994
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
Web of Science (WoS)000359342300061
DOI10.3390/ijerph120707974
ID Code:12692
Faculty:LTJ - Faculty of Landscape Planning, Horticulture and Agricultural Science (until 2013)
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Department of Work Science, Business Economics, and Environmental Psychology
(LTJ, LTV) > Department of Landscape Architecture, Planning and Management (from 130101)
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:14 Oct 2015 13:23
Metadata Last Modified:03 Aug 2017 02:48

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