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Spatial and temporal variation of hantavirus bank vole infection in managed forest landscapes

Magnusson, Magnus and Khalil, Hussein and Ecke, Frauke and Olsson, Gert and Evander, M and Niklasson, B and Hörnfeldt, Birger (2015). Spatial and temporal variation of hantavirus bank vole infection in managed forest landscapes. Ecosphere. 6:9, 1-18
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Abstract

Zoonoses are major contributors to emerging infectious diseases globally. Hemorrhagic fever
with renal syndrome (HFRS) is a zoonosis caused by rodent-borne hantaviruses. In Europe, Puumala
hantavirus (PUUV) carried and shed by the bank vole (Myodes glareolus), is the most common cause of
HFRS. We explore the relationship of PUUV infection in bank voles, as measured by PUUV antibody
detection, with habitat and landscape scale properties during two successive vole cycles in boreal Sweden.
Our analysis revealed that PUUV infection in the population was not uniform between cycles and across
different landscapes. The mean density index of PUUV antibody positive and negative bank voles were
highest in old forest, second highest in cut-over forest (approx. 0–30 years old) and lowest on mires. Most
importantly, old forest was the core habitat, where PUUVantibody positive bank voles were found through
the low density phase and the transition between successive vole cycles. In spring, occurrence of antibody
positive voles was negatively related to the proportion of cut-over forest in the surrounding landscape,
suggesting that large scale human induced land-use change altered the occurrence of PUUV infection in
voles which has not been shown before. Dependence of PUUV infection on habitat and landscape
structure, and the variation in infection load within and between cycles are of importance for human risk
assessment.

Authors/Creators:Magnusson, Magnus and Khalil, Hussein and Ecke, Frauke and Olsson, Gert and Evander, M and Niklasson, B and Hörnfeldt, Birger
Title:Spatial and temporal variation of hantavirus bank vole infection in managed forest landscapes
Series/Journal:Ecosphere (2150-8925)
Year of publishing :2015
Volume:6
Number:9
Page range:1-18
Number of Pages:18
Publisher:The Ecological Society of America
ISSN:2150-8925
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Forest Science
Keywords:Bank vole, forest management, hantavirus, infection load, landscape change, land-use change, Myodes
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-2999
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-2999
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1890/ES15-00039.1
ID Code:12715
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment
(S) > Dept. of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:19 Oct 2015 06:16
Metadata Last Modified:08 Feb 2016 17:04

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