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Effects of handling on animals welfare during transport and marketing

Bulitta, Fufa Sorri (2015). Effects of handling on animals welfare during transport and marketing. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2015:117
ISBN 978-91-576-8432-5
eISBN 978-91-576-8433-2
[Doctoral thesis]

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Animals can be transported either by trekking or by vehicle, during which they are subjected to different types and levels of stressor. Some key factors affecting animal welfare during handling and transport are mixing of unfamiliar animals, handling procedures, driving methods, stocking density, journey length, vehicle design, animal standing orientation, loading and unloading facilities and transport by walking. Much important research has been done on animal transport and welfare, but many questions remained to be addressed, particularly regarding the effects of transport time and length, vibration, climate conditions and handling during transport and marketing.

This thesis investigated the effects of handling on animal welfare during transport and marketing. The main methods employed were comprehensive field measurements to collect data, observations, video filming for behavioural studies, interviews with animal handlers and heart rate modelling. The results showed that during loading for transport, animal heart rate rose exponentially from its mean resting value to a peak value and declined during a recovery period. Driving speed, road conditions and the standing orientation of animals had an effect on levels of vibration. The three most common resonance frequencies identified were 1.3, 5.1 and 12.6 Hz, with a second peak at 23 Hz in the vertical direction on a tarmac road at a driving speed of 85 km/h. In pig and cattle transport, blood cortisol level was elevated during short transport time. Concentrations of lactate and Creatine kinase and animal behaviour were positively correlated with transport time.

During transport of animals by trekking from farm to feeder market and on to regional market in Ethiopia, the number of animals that died, were injured and were stolen was 7.6%, 6.9% and 2.8%, respectively.

The overall conclusion from the thesis, based on transport conditions, vibration levels, animal behaviour, stress hormones and pH24 values, was that handling and transport had a negative effect on animal welfare.

Authors/Creators:Bulitta, Fufa Sorri
Title:Effects of handling on animals welfare during transport and marketing
Series Name/Journal:Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae
Year of publishing :13 November 2015
Depositing date:16 November 2015
Number of Pages:107
IBulitta FS, Bosona TG, Gebresenbet G. (2010). Modelling the dynamic response of cattle heart rate during loading for transport. Australian journal of agricultural Engineering AJAE 2(3):66-73.)
IIGirma Gebresenbet; Samuel Aradom; Fufa S. Bulitta, Eva Hjerpe. (2010). Vibration Levels and frequencies on Vehicle and Animals during Transport. Bio system engineering, volume 110, pages 10 – 19.
IIISamuel Aradom; Girma Gebresenbet; Fufa S. Bulitta; Musa Adam. (2012). Effects of transport times on welfare of Pigs Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology A 2 (2012) 544-562.
IVFufa Sorri Bulitta, Samuel Aradom, Girma Gebresenbet,(2015). Effect of Transport Time of up to 12 hours on welfare of Cows and Bulls. Journal of Service Science and Management, (2015) 8, 161-182.
VBulitta Fufa S., Gebresenbet G., Bosona T., (2012). Animal Handling during supply for marketing and operation at abattoir in developing country: The case of Gudar market and Ambo Abattoir, Ethiopia. Journal of Service Science and Management, Volume 5, 59-68.
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Department of Energy and Technology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-8432-5
ISBN for electronic version:978-91-576-8433-2
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:L Animal production > L01 Animal husbandry
L Animal production > L70 Veterinary science and hygiene - General aspects
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 2 Engineering and Technology > 201 Civil Engineering > Transport Systems and Logistics
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 2 Engineering and Technology > 211 Other Engineering and Technologies > Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 402 Animal and Dairy Science > Animal and Dairy Science.
Agrovoc terms:animal welfare, cattle, swine, roads, road transport, live animal transport, time, vibration, stress, behaviour, heart rate, models, ethiopia
Keywords:animal welfare, transport time, stress parameters
Permanent URL:
ID Code:12824
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Energy and Technology
Deposited On:17 Nov 2015 09:15
Metadata Last Modified:10 Sep 2020 13:41

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