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Measurement of kick loads from horses on stable fittings and building elements

Ventorp, Michael and Wachenfelt, Hans von (2014). Measurement of kick loads from horses on stable fittings and building elements. I/In: Equi-meeting Infrastructures, Horas national du Lion d'Angers, France, 6-7 October 2014, 6-7 oktober 2014, Lion d’Angers (Maine et Loire), France.
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Abstract

Fittings and fixtures in horse stables may cause injuries to horses when trapped and there is a great risk of an accident to animal and handler when releasing a horse. The risk of injuries to horses and handlers must be minimised by correct structural design and appropriate choice of building material. The physical load of horse kicks were measured in order to obtain data for the design of safe horse fittings and fixtures. To record the forces exerted by horse kicks a measuring wall and a computerised measuring system were constructed and used in single horse boxes. For reference, the characteristics of the measuring system were determined by a drop hammer test. Through regression analysis a linear relation was found between the field recorded impact values from horse kicks obtained by the measuring system and drop hammer impact values. The drop hammer method can thus be used to test fittings. Impacts recorded in the field tests were rapid, often shorter than 0.03 s and 90% had a maximum value below 1924 N. The greatest impact force and impulse caused by a horse kick were 8722 N and 131 N s respectively, with no statistical difference between provoked and unprovoked kicks. Considering the data obtained and allowing a certain safety margin, the impact resistance of horse fixtures and fittings in single horse boxes, to be used for horses of up to 700 kg mass, should be at least equivalent to 150 Ns exerted by a horse shoe at 45°.

Authors/Creators:Ventorp, Michael and Wachenfelt, Hans von
Title:Measurement of kick loads from horses on stable fittings and building elements
Alternative abstract:
LanguageAbstract
UNSPECIFIED

Les amenagements et equipements techniques dans les ecuries, peuvent etre la cause de blessures du cheval lorsqu'il se coince. Il y a alors un grand risque d'accident pour l'animal et la personne qui le libere. Le risque de blessures, tant pour le cheval que pour l'homme peut etre minimise par un dimensionnement correct et un choix approprie des materiaux de construction. Les charges physiques liees aux coups donnes par les chevaux ont ete mesurees pour obtenir une base de donnees pour la conception des amenagements et equipements. Afin d'enregistrer les forces exercees par les coups de pieds des chevaux, une paroi instrumentee et un systeme informatise de mesure ont ete fabriques et disposes dans des boxes individuels. Afin de constituer une reference, les caracteristiques du systeme de mesure ont ete determinees avec un essai de choc par masse tombante. Une analyse de regression montre une relation lineaire entre les valeurs d'impacts de coups de pieds relevees par le systeme de mesure et les valeurs d'impact de l'essai de choc. Cette methode d'essai par masse tombante peut donc etre utilisee pour tester les amenagements et equipements techniques. Les impacts releves sur le terrain sont eleves, d'une duree generalement inferieure a 0,03 secondes, 90% d'entre eux montrent une valeur maximale de 1924 N. Les valeurs les plus elevees de force d'impact et d'impulsion relevees pour un coup de pied de cheval ont ete de 8722N et 131 N.s respectivement, sans differences significatives entre les coups de pieds provoques ou spontanes. Au regard des donnees relevees et en prenant en compte une certaine marge de securite, la resistance aux chocs des amenagements et equipements techniques pour des boxes individuels, pour des chevaux pesant jusqu'a 700 kg, doit etre au moins egale a 150 N.s pour un fer a cheval a 45°.

Year of publishing :2014
Depositing date:2015
Page range:50-54
Number of Pages:5
Place of Publication:Lion d’Angers (Maine et Loire) , France
Publisher:Institut Francais du Cheval et de l'equitation; Le Pin au Haras; France
Associated Programs and Other Stakeholders:SLU - Environmental assessment > Programme Built Environment
Language:English
Publication Type:Conference Paper (Paper)
Refereed:No
Article category:Other scientific
Version:Accepted version
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:L Animal production > L01 Animal husbandry
L Animal production > L70 Veterinary science and hygiene - General aspects
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Agricultural Science
Keywords:horse kick, physical load, fitting, fixture, equine safety
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3144
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3144
ID Code:12833
Faculty:LTV - Fakulteten för landskapsarkitektur, trädgårds- och växtproduktionsvetenskap
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Department of Biosystems and Technology (from 130101)
(VH) > Department of Biosystems and Technology (from 130101)
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:21 Dec 2015 13:13
Metadata Last Modified:26 Feb 2016 02:48

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