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Essays on energy demand and renewable natural resource management

Mensah, Justice Tei (2015). Essays on energy demand and renewable natural resource management. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2015:134
ISBN 978-91-576-8466-0
eISBN 978-91-576-8467-7
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

This thesis is a collection of five self-contained papers in the area of energy demand and renewable natural resource management. Paper 1 analyzes the dynamics in cooking fuel choices among Ghanaian households over the period 2005 and 2013 and further investigate the main forces driving households’ choice of cooking fuel. Evidence from this paper reveals a significant transition from fuelwood use towards LPG over the period. Results also reveal factors such as price, reliability in supply of LPG, income and other household attributes as significant factors influencing households’ choice of a given energy type for cooking.

Paper 2 investigates the long and short run demand drivers of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) in Ghana and presents a 10-year forecast of future trends in demand. Results identify income, price and urbanization as the main drivers of demand. Projections from three scenarios suggest that demand for LPG will reach a minimum of 5.9 million metric tons by the year 2022.

Paper 3 examines the causal dynamics among energy use, real GDP and CO₂ emissions in the presence of regime shifts in six emerging African economies. Results confirm the presence of regime shift effects in the long run inter-linkages among energy use, real GDP and CO₂ emissions in the countries considered. This suggests that structural shifts have both economic and environmental effects.

Paper 4 develops a stage-structured bioeconomic model to analyze the effects of interspecies competition between roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) and fallow deer (Dama dama) on net present value of harvesting, and the associated harvesting strategies. Our analysis shows that unilateral interspecies competition of the fallow deer on the roe deer reduces the marginal benefit of holding an additional individual of both species. Our numerical calculations suggest interspecies competition has a small impact on total net present value, compared to the impact on roe deer population density. Results are also sensitive to assumptions made about trophy prices and discount rate. Inclusion of trophy benefits implies reduced harvest of both young males and females. For the fallow deer, pulse harvesting is optimal, whereas this is not the case for roe deer.

Paper 5 presents an analysis of the hunting lease market in Sweden. The determinants of hunting lease prices are analyzed using spatial and non-spatial hedonic price models. From the hedonic model, the associated hunting values are also derived. Results from the paper suggest the presence of spatial spillovers in lease prices. It also indicate factors such as proximity to urban centers, income, size of the hunting field, and congestion cost as key drivers of hunting lease prices. Further, the results indicate high hunting values for moose and fallow deer.

Authors/Creators:Mensah, Justice Tei
Title:Essays on energy demand and renewable natural resource management
Series/Journal:Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae (1652-6880)
Year of publishing :11 December 2015
Volume:2015:134
Number of Pages:21
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
IMensah, J.T., and Adu, G. (2015). An Empirical Analysis of Household Energy Choice in Ghana. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 51:1402-1411
IIMensah, J.T. (2014). Modelling demand for Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) in Ghana: Current Dynamics and Forecast. OPEC Energy Review 38(4): 373–495
IIIMensah, J.T. (2014). Carbon emissions, energy consumption and output: A Threshold Analysis on the Causal Dynamics in Emerging African Economies. Energy Policy 70: 172–182
IVMensah, J.T. and Elofsson, K. (2015). Optimal Management of Two Deer Species Competing for Food (Manuscript)
VMensah, J.T. and Elofsson, K. (2015). An Empirical Analysis of Hunting Lease Pricing and Value of Game in Sweden (Revise & Resubmit, Land Economics)
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-8466-0
ISBN for electronic version:978-91-576-8467-7
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Additional Information:Errata: The following errors have been detected and corrected accordingly. Page 8 and author list of Paper IV Old text… “Mensah, J.T. and Elofsson, K. (2015). Optimal Management of Two Deer Species Competing for Food” New text… Mensah, J.T., Elofsson, K. and Kjellander, P. (2015). Optimal Management of Two Deer Species Competing for Food” Page 1403 of Paper 1 (paragraph 1) Old text… “As a result, sustainable development goal 4 emphasizes improving…..” New text.. “As a result, sustainable development goal 7 emphasizes improving…..” Page 1407 of Paper 1 (paragraph 1) Old text… “The economic implication of this outcome is that fuelwood is considered a “normal good” while LPG is a “giffen good” New text.. “Combining the results on the price and income effects, fuelwood and LPG can be considered as “inferior” and “Veblen (ostentatious)” fuel types respectively” Page 410 of Paper 2 (paragraph 3) Old text… “Given the elasticities of 9.3 percent (15.56 percent), the interpretation is that a 1 percent increase in the rate of urbanization will drive LPG demand by 9.3 percent (15.56). New text… “Given the elasticities of 5.89 percent (5.62%), the interpretation is that a 1 percent increase in the rate of urbanization will drive LPG demand by 5.89 percent (5.62 %)”
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:E Economics, development, and rural sociology > E10 Agricultural economics and policies
P Natural resources > P06 Renewable energy resources
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 502 Economics and Business > Economics
Agrovoc terms:households, energy consumption, natural resources, resource management, price formation, models, africa south of sahara, ghana
Keywords:Household Energy Demand, Spatial Hedonic Pricing model, Ghana
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3134
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3134
ID Code:12909
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics
Deposited By: justice Mensah
Deposited On:14 Dec 2015 08:16
Metadata Last Modified:06 Mar 2016 12:18

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