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Profitability of the production of energy grasses on marginal agricultural land in Sweden

Nilsson, Daniel and Rosenqvist, Håkan and Bernesson, Sven (2015). Profitability of the production of energy grasses on marginal agricultural land in Sweden. Biomass & bioenergy. 83, 159-168
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2015.09.007

Abstract

The objective of this study was to analyse the economic profitability of producing energy-grass fuels on marginal agricultural land in Sweden. Small and irregular-shaped fields, fields with less fertile soils, headlands and border strips were included, all located in four different regions representing different cultivation conditions. The grasses studied were reed canary grass (RCG) and ley, which were to be used as a solid fuel and biogas substrate, respectively. The economic profitability of these grasses was compared with the profitability of fallow land and the cultivation of winter wheat and spring barley. The results showed that all the alternatives studied, except winter wheat in southern Sweden, had a negative economic net gain (no subsidies included). Generally, the economic losses were greatest for small and irregular-shaped fields. Fallow had a higher economic competitiveness than RCG and ley for all marginal field categories and locations. RCG used as a solid fuel in boilers generally had a higher competitiveness than ley for biogas. However, when ley was used fresh without storage, its competitiveness improved considerably. Taking the direct payment subsidies and the economic value of reduced nutrient leakage into account, the economic net gain improved considerably. Nevertheless, fallow land still had a somewhat higher net gain than RCG for all field categories. Further cost reductions and higher revenues, including possible agro-environmental economic compensation, are required if RCG and ley are to be able to compete with fallow land.

Authors/Creators:Nilsson, Daniel and Rosenqvist, Håkan and Bernesson, Sven
Title:Profitability of the production of energy grasses on marginal agricultural land in Sweden
Series/Journal:Biomass & bioenergy (0961-9534)
Year of publishing :2015
Depositing date:25 January 2016
Volume:83
Page range:159-168
Number of Pages:10
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0961-9534
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:E Economics, development, and rural sociology > E10 Agricultural economics and policies
F Plant production > F01 Crop husbandry
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 405 Other Agricultural Sciences > Renewable Bioenergy Research
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Agricultural Science
Agrovoc terms:marginal land, Phalaris, profitability, costs, grasses, Sweden
Keywords:Marginal land, Energy grass, Reed canary grass, Ley, Profitability, Costs
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3185
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3185
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
Web of Science (WoS)000367084100018
DOI10.1016/j.biombioe.2015.09.007
ID Code:12978
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Energy and Technology
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:25 Jan 2016 12:35
Metadata Last Modified:22 Oct 2017 23:15

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