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Genome Characterization, Prevalence and Distribution of a Macula-Like Virus from Apis mellifera and Varroa destructor

Rodrigues De Miranda, Joachim and Cornman, Robert S and Evans, Jay D and Semberg, Emilia and Haddad, Nizar and Neumann, Peter and Gauthier, Laurent (2015). Genome Characterization, Prevalence and Distribution of a Macula-Like Virus from Apis mellifera and Varroa destructor. Viruses. 7:7, 3586-3602
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/v7072789

Abstract

Around 14 distinct virus species-complexes have been detected in honeybees, each with one or more strains or sub-species. Here we present the initial characterization of an entirely new virus species-complex discovered in honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) and varroa mite (Varroa destructor) samples from Europe and the USA. The virus has a naturally poly-adenylated RNA genome of about 6500 nucleotides with a genome organization and sequence similar to the Tymoviridae (Tymovirales; Tymoviridae), a predominantly plant-infecting virus family. Literature and laboratory analyses indicated that the virus had not previously been described. The virus is very common in French apiaries, mirroring the results from an extensive Belgian survey, but could not be detected in equally-extensive Swedish and Norwegian bee disease surveys. The virus appears to be closely linked to varroa, with the highest prevalence found in varroa samples and a clear seasonal distribution peaking in autumn, coinciding with the natural varroa population development. Sub-genomic RNA analyses show that bees are definite hosts, while varroa is a possible host and likely vector. The tentative name of Bee Macula-like virus (BeeMLV) is therefore proposed. A second, distantly related Tymoviridae-like virus was also discovered in varroa transcriptomes, tentatively named Varroa Tymo-like virus (VTLV).

Authors/Creators:Rodrigues De Miranda, Joachim and Cornman, Robert S and Evans, Jay D and Semberg, Emilia and Haddad, Nizar and Neumann, Peter and Gauthier, Laurent
Title:Genome Characterization, Prevalence and Distribution of a Macula-Like Virus from Apis mellifera and Varroa destructor
Series/Journal:Viruses (1999-4915)
Year of publishing :2015
Depositing date:26 January 2016
Volume:7
Number:7
Page range:3586-3602
Number of Pages:7
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:1999-4915
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:L Animal production > L10 Animal genetics and breeding
L Animal production > L50 Animal physiology and biochemistry
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Microbiology (Microbiology in the medical area to be 30109)
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Pathobiology
Agrovoc terms:honey bees, Apis mellifera, Varroa, viruses, Tymoviruses, genomes
Keywords:honeybee, Apis mellifera, Varroa destructor, virus, Tymoviridae, Maculavirus, Marafivirus, Tymovirus
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3189
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3189
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
Web of Science (WoS)000360353200014
DOI10.3390/v7072789
ID Code:12983
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Ecology
(S) > Dept. of Ecology
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:26 Jan 2016 13:44
Metadata Last Modified:10 Feb 2016 15:33

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