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Swedish LifeWatch ─ a biodiversity infrastructure integrating and reusing data from citizen science, monitoring and research

Gärdenfors, Ulf and Jönsson, Mari and Obst, Matthias and Wremp, Anna-Maria and Kindvall, Oskar and Nilsson, Johan (2014). Swedish LifeWatch ─ a biodiversity infrastructure integrating and reusing data from citizen science, monitoring and research. Human Computation. 1:2, 147-163
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.15346/hc.v1i2.6

Abstract

With continued pressure on biodiversity and ever-growing conflicts with human development, qualified systems for scenario modelling, impact assessment and decision support are urgently needed. Such systems must be able to integrate complex models and information from many sources and do so in a flexible and transparent way. To that end, as well as for other complicated and data-intensive biodiversity research purposes, the concept of LifeWatch has emerged. The idea of LifeWatch is to construct e-infrastructure and virtual laboratories by integrating large data sources, computational capacities, and tools for analysis and modelling in an open, serviceoriented architecture. To be efficient and accurate, a continuous inflow of large quantities of data is essential. However, even with new techniques, government-funded monitoring data and research data will not feed the system with up-to-date species information of sufficient scale and resolution. To fill this void, skilled amateur observers (citizen scientists) can contribute to a very valuable extent. After a preparatory phase, a Swedish LifeWatch (SLW) consortium was initiated in 2011. Swedish LifeWatch developed an infrastructure where all components are accessible through open web services. At the SLW Analysis portal, different formats of species and environmental data can be accessed instantly, and integrated, analysed, visualized and downloaded at selected temporal, spatial or taxonomic scales. Swedish LifeWatch currently provides 46 million species observations from eight different databases, all harmonized according to standardized formats and the Dyntaxa taxonomic backbone database. Almost 40 million of these observations were provided by citizens through the online reporting system named the Species Observation System (SOS) or Artportalen. This paper describes this system, as well as the incentives that make it so successful. The citizen science data in the SOS are accessible, together with data from research and monitoring, in the SLW infrastructure, making the latter a powerful instrument for large-scale data extraction, visualization and analysis.

Authors/Creators:Gärdenfors, Ulf and Jönsson, Mari and Obst, Matthias and Wremp, Anna-Maria and Kindvall, Oskar and Nilsson, Johan
Title:Swedish LifeWatch ─ a biodiversity infrastructure integrating and reusing data from citizen science, monitoring and research
Series/Journal:Human Computation (2330-8001)
Year of publishing :2014
Depositing date:9 March 2016
Volume:1
Number:2
Page range:147-163
Number of Pages:17
Publisher:-
Associated Programs and Other Stakeholders:SLU - Environmental assessment > Programme Biodiversity
ISSN:2330-8001
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:X Agricola extesions > X20 Computer and library sciences
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Bioinformatics and Systems Biology (methods development to be 10203)
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Botany
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Zoology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 105 Earth and Related Environmental Sciences > Environmental Sciences (social aspects to be 507)
Agrovoc terms:biodiversity, bioinformatics
Keywords:Bioinformatics, Biodiversity data, Analysis portal
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3302
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3302
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.15346/hc.v1i2.6
ID Code:13044
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Swedish Species Information Centre
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:09 Mar 2016 10:06
Metadata Last Modified:09 Mar 2016 10:06

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