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Energy demand management in selected African countries

Adom, Philip Kofi (2016). Energy demand management in selected African countries. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Umeå : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2016:22
ISBN 978- 91-576-8546-9
eISBN 978- 91-576-8547-6
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

This thesis contains five empirical papers that contribute to the energy demand management literature on Africa. It investigates the following policy issues – business cycle and energy conservation, government fuel subsidies and energy efficiency, economic growth and environmental quality, structural effects in parameters, the transition between energy efficiency and energy inefficiency, forecast of energy demand, shifts in demand behaviour, and the persistence profile of energy demand to shocks – using data from five countries: Algeria, Nigeria, South Africa, Cameroon and Ghana.

In terms of contribution, this thesis provides the first empirical attempt to investigate the transition between energy efficiency and energy inefficiency; provides a comprehensive analysis of road transport energy demand and the implications of structural breaks for model parameters; provides evidence to support the fact that economic growth and environmental quality are jointly achievable, and argues that there is an income state that drives investment in energy efficiency.

The main results of the thesis are as follows. First, low income state does not promote investment in energy efficiency. Second, reducing or withdrawing government fuel subsidies will enhance energy efficiency. Third, investment in technology in the industrial sector is a likely panacea to integrate the goals of economic growth and environmental quality. Fourth, the existence of structural breaks in the data significantly changes how price of crude oil, FDI, economic structure and trade openness promote energy efficiency. Fifth, the characteristics of industries and technology absorptive capacity of countries significantly facilitate energy savings in FDI. Sixth, the duration of an energy inefficient state is about twice as long as an energy efficient state, mainly due to fuel subsidies, low income, high corruption, regulatory inefficiencies, poorly developed infrastructure and undeveloped markets. Finally, diesel and gasoline fuels differ in many respects which suggest that a discriminatory tax policy would be an appropriate tax policy than a uniform tax policy.

Authors/Creators:Adom, Philip Kofi
Title:Energy demand management in selected African countries
Series/Journal:Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae (1652-6880)
Year of publishing :2016
Depositing date:17 February 2016
Volume:2016:22
Number of Pages:58
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
IAdom, P.K. (2015). Business Cycle and Economic-wide Energy Intensity: The implications for Energy Conservation Policy in Algeria. Energy, 88(8), 334-350.
IIAdom, P.K. (2015). Asymmetric impacts of the determinants of energy intensity in Nigeria. Energy Economics 49(2), 570-580.
IIIAdom, P.K. (2015). Determinants of energy intensity in South Africa: Testing for Structural effects in parameters. Energy, 89(9), 334-346.
IVAdom, P.K. (2016). The transition between energy efficient and energy inefficient states in Cameroon. Energy Economics, 54(1), 248-262.
VAdom, P.K., Bekoe W., Quartey G, Barnor C., Amakye K. (2016). Shift in demand elasticities, road energy forecast and the persistence profile of shocks in Ghana. Forthcoming, Economic Modelling.
Place of Publication:Umeå
Publisher:Department of Forest Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISBN for printed version:978- 91-576-8546-9
ISBN for electronic version:978- 91-576-8547-6
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:E Economics, development, and rural sociology > E10 Agricultural economics and policies
P Natural resources > P05 Energy resources management
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 502 Economics and Business > Economics
Agrovoc terms:energy demand, trade cycles, energy consumption, energy conservation, price formation, transport, energy policies, algeria, nigeria, south africa, cameroon, ghana
Keywords:Energy demand management, Structural effects, Energy conservation policy, Business cycle, Transition between energy-use states, Algeria, Cameroon, Nigeria, South Africa, Ghana
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3228
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3228
ID Code:13073
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > Dept. of Forest Economics
External funders:Tore Browaldhs stiftelse
Deposited By: PhD Camilla Widmark
Deposited On:19 Feb 2016 09:12
Metadata Last Modified:01 Mar 2016 14:24

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