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Defining Solutions, Finding Problems: Deforestation, Gender, and REDD+ in Burkina Faso

Westholm, Lisa and Arora-Jonsson, Seema (2015). Defining Solutions, Finding Problems: Deforestation, Gender, and REDD+ in Burkina Faso. Conservation and society. 13:2, 189-199
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Abstract

Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD) is a policy instrument meant to mitigate climate change while also achieving poverty reduction in tropical countries. It has garnered critics for homogenising environmental and development governance and for ignoring how similar efforts have tended to exacerbate gender inequalities. Nonetheless, regarding such schemes as inevitable, some feminists argue for requirements that include womens empowerment and participation. In this paper we move beyond discussions about safeguards and examine whether the very framing of REDD programs can provide openings for a transformation as argued for by its proponents. Following the REDD policy process in Burkina Faso, we come to two important insights: REDD is a solution in need of a problem. Assumptions about gender are at the heart of creating actionable knowledge that enabled REDD to be presented as a policy solution to the problems of deforestation, poverty and gender inequality. Second, despite its safeguards, REDD appears to be perpetuating gendered divisions of labour, as formal environmental decision-making moves upwards; and responsibility and the burden of actual environmental labour shifts further down in particularly gendered ways. We explore how this is enabled by the development of policies whose stated aims are to tackle inequalities.

Authors/Creators:Westholm, Lisa and Arora-Jonsson, Seema
Title:Defining Solutions, Finding Problems: Deforestation, Gender, and REDD+ in Burkina Faso
Series/Journal:Conservation and society (BIB10382447)
Year of publishing :2015
Volume:13
Number:2
Page range:189-199
Number of Pages:11
Publisher:Wolters Kluwer
ISSN:0972-4923
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 509 Other Social Sciences > Gender Studies
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 509 Other Social Sciences > Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Keywords:deforestation, gender, global governance, REDD, World Bank, Burkina Faso
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3246
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3246
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
Web of Science (WoS)000361056800007
DOI10.4103/0972-4923.164203
ID Code:13087
Faculty:LTV - Fakulteten för landskapsarkitektur, trädgårds- och växtproduktionsvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:25 Feb 2016 08:04
Metadata Last Modified:05 Mar 2016 15:17

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