Home About Browse Search
Svenska


Prevalence of and factors associated with Brucella sero-positivity in cattle in urban and peri-urban Gulu and Soroti towns of Uganda

Rwabiita Mugizi, Denis and Boqvist, Sofia and Nasinyama, George and Waiswa, Charles and Ikwap, Kokas and Rock, Kim and Lindahl, Elisabeth and Magnusson, Ulf and Erume, Joseph (2015). Prevalence of and factors associated with Brucella sero-positivity in cattle in urban and peri-urban Gulu and Soroti towns of Uganda. Journal of veterinary medical science. 77:5, 557-564
[Journal article]

[img]
Preview
PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

1MB

Abstract

Brucellosis is a key zoonosis of major public health, animal welfare and economic significance, and is endemic in livestock in Uganda. A cross-sectional epidemiological study was carried out to estimate the sero-prevalence of brucellosis and identify factors associated with sero-positivity in cattle in urban and pen-urban Gulu and Soroti towns of Northern and Eastern Uganda, respectively. A total of 1007 sera and data on biologically plausible risk factors from 166 herds and their spatial locations, were collected from cattle reared in urban and pen-urban Gulu and Soroti towns of Uganda. The sera were analyzed using indirect ELISA and sero-positive reactors confirmed by competitive ELISA. Multivariable models were used to investigate for risk factors. The overall animal-level and herd-level sero-prevalence was 7.5% (76/1007, 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 6.15-9.4%) and 27.1% (45/166, 95% CI: 20.9-34.3%), respectively. Herd-level sero-prevalence was significantly (P<0.001) higher in Soroti than Gulu. In Gulu town, sero-positivity increased with an increase in herd size (P=0.03) and age (P=0.002), and was higher in cattle brought in from western Uganda (P<0.0001). In Soroti town, introduction of new cattle into a herd was significantly (P=0.027) associated with herd sero-positivity. There was a geographically differential risk (clustering) of Brucella sero- positivity in herds in Soroti, while sero-positivity was homogeneously distributed in Gulu. The data highlight brucellosis occurrence and major risk factors for its transmission in cattle in urban and pen-urban areas.

Authors/Creators:Rwabiita Mugizi, Denis and Boqvist, Sofia and Nasinyama, George and Waiswa, Charles and Ikwap, Kokas and Rock, Kim and Lindahl, Elisabeth and Magnusson, Ulf and Erume, Joseph
Title:Prevalence of and factors associated with Brucella sero-positivity in cattle in urban and peri-urban Gulu and Soroti towns of Uganda
Series/Journal:Journal of veterinary medical science (0916-7250)
Year of publishing :2015
Volume:77
Number:5
Page range:557-564
Number of Pages:8
Publisher:The Japanese Society of Veterinary Science
ISSN:0916-7250
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Medical Bioscience
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Clinical Science
Keywords:brucellosis, risk factor, sero-positivity, Uganda, urban and peri-urban cattle
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3263
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3263
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
Web of Science (WoS)000355368800007
DOI10.1292/jvms.14-0452
ID Code:13101
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Clinical Sciences
(VH) > Dept. of Biomedical Sciences and Veterinary Public Health
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:29 Feb 2016 07:01
Metadata Last Modified:05 Mar 2016 16:12

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads

Downloads per year (since September 2012)

View more statistics

Downloads
Hits